Priortizing Barriers of Dental Implants for Patients Attending OPD

Priortizing Barriers of Dental Implants for Patients Attending OPD

Madhuri Pradhan (KIIT University, India), Suchismita Satapathy (KIIT University, India) and B. B. Nayak (KIIT University, India)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9787-2.ch003

Abstract

Carelessness, bad habits, genetics, and age are the most important factors for tooth decay. Many dental problems, including decay, can easily be fixed by dental implants. In this chapter, an effort is taken to prioritize the barriers of dental implants by multi-criteria decision-making techniques like Promethee.
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Introduction

A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows your dentist to mount replacement teeth or a bridge into that area. An implant doesn't come loose like a denture can. Dental implants also benefit general oral health because they do not have to be anchored to other teeth, like bridges. Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for artificial teeth. Dentures and bridges mounted to implants won't slip or shift in your mouth an especially important benefit when eating and speaking. This secure fit helps the dentures and bridges as well as individual crowns placed over implants feel more natural than conventional bridges or dentures.

But, For some people, ordinary bridges and dentures are usually not comfortable, due to sore spots, poor ridges or gagging. In addition, ordinary bridges must be joined to teeth on either side of the space left by the missing tooth.In implants no adjacent teeth need to be prepared or ground down to hold your new replacement tooth/teeth in place. But implants need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. Implants are usually more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement. There are two methods of implants Endosteal implants and subperiosteal implants.

Although dental implant is a very useful technique still dental implant failurerate is also very high. Dental implant failures can take place for several reasons. It may be Short-term failures which can be described as a failure to heal in the bone, a process called “osseointegration. The short-term failures can be treated by removing the implant, repairing the surgical site with a bone graft and allowing it to heal before attempting to place another fixture. Since bone heals much more slowly than soft tissue, this process can take several months. Long-term dental implant failure presents an entirely different set of challenges. They can occur after the implant has healed and become integrated in the bone, and after an implant has been restored. The most common long-term failure (and unfortunately the most difficult kind to treat) is called peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis is a chronic infection in the gum and ultimately the bone that supports the implant. It may be likened to the periodontal disease process affecting teeth, since both result in the loss of the supporting structure (bone) around a fixed part. Symptoms may include discomfort and pus or bleeding from the gums. The main cause of patients avoiding dentists are fear of pain, time and availability, financial reason. Many people do not fond of visiting doctors.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Endosteal Implants: These are surgically implanted directly into the jawbone. Once the surrounding gum tissue has healed, a second surgery is needed to connect a post to the original implant. Finally, an artificial tooth (or teeth) is attached to the post-individually, or grouped on a bridge or denture.

PROMETHEE: The Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment of Evaluations and its descriptive complement geometrical analysis for interactive aid are better known as the Promethee.

Subperiosteal Implants: These consist of a metal frame that is fitted onto the jawbone just below the gum tissue. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone. Posts, which are attached to the frame, protrude through the gums. As with endosteal implants, artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.

Dental Implants: Metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums.

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