Privacy in Participatory Sensing Systems

Privacy in Participatory Sensing Systems

Tishna Sabrina (Monash University, Australia) and Manzur Murshed (Monash University, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1888-6.ch006
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Abstract

Participatory sensing is a revolutionary new paradigm where ordinary citizens voluntarily sense their environment using readily available sensor devices such as mobile phones and systematically study, and then reflect on and share this information using existing wireless networks. It provides data collection, processing, and dissemination opportunities for socially-responsible applications spanning environmental monitoring, intelligent transportation, and public health, which are often not cost-viable using dedicated sensing infrastructure. The uniqueness of the participatory sensing system lies in its data communication infrastructure which is constituted by the deliberate participation of community people. However, the potential lack of privacy of the participants in such system makes it harder to ensure their voluntary contribution. Thus preserving privacy of the individuals contributing data has introduced a key challenge in this area. On the other hand, data integrity is desired imperatively to make the service trustworthy and user-friendly. Different interesting approaches have been proposed so far to protect privacy that will encourage participation of the owners of data sources in turn.
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Background

The concept of participatory sensing system was proposed a few years back as a system that facilitates community people share data for mutual benefit. It is initiated by ordinary citizens using their privately-owned sensors to collectively measure and contribute by sharing information of mutual interest from the environment. Unlike web applications, here data is likely to be sensed from different places people visit in course of their daily life using ad hoc sensing devices mounted on cell phones, vehicles, etc. Then the data are sent to servers via some inexpensive wireless communication architecture. The server is able to generate aggregate results using the data received from all participating users. Accordingly it replies to the queries made by the users at any time. In short, it is a system by the people and for the people.

Figure 1.

Basic concept of a participatory sensing system

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