Pro-/Anti-Inflammatory Food Supplements: Probiotics and Prebiotics

Pro-/Anti-Inflammatory Food Supplements: Probiotics and Prebiotics

Hüseyin Eseceli (University of Bandıma Onyedi Eylül, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3594-3.ch006
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Probiotics are living microorganisms, meaning “for life” and consist of two parts, “pro” and “biota,” and prebiotics are indigestible carbohydrates that increase the number and activities of colon bacteria and the effectiveness of probiotics. Probiotic consumption has been reported to have many positive effects, such as increasing immune response, balancing the colony, and increasing endogenous defense capacity of cells. The aim of prebiotics is to grow probiotic bacteria, thus improving the gastrointestinal and immune systems. Recent studies have shown that probiotics may have an impact on gastrointestinal system diseases. It has been shown to stimulate the proliferation of beneficial microorganisms in prebiotics and assist in the probiotic effect. The most commonly used probiotics and prebiotics are lactic acid bacteria that are types of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Prebiotics are naturally present in nutrients. Probiotics and prebiotics are used to prevent many diseases.
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Characteristics Of Probiotic Microorganisms

Probiotic microorganisms must have certain properties in order to be successful. It should be used safely in humans, should be effective, the product should remain alive during shelf rest and should not have pathogenic properties.

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