Production Strategies of Companies in Machine Manufacturing Industry

Production Strategies of Companies in Machine Manufacturing Industry

Vladimir Modrak (Technical University of Kosice, Slovakia) and Sorin Mihai Radu (University of Petroşani, Romania)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6481-4.ch010
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Abstract

In the portfolio of strategies of any industrial company, the production strategy occupies a central place. Preparing it is based on knowing well the technological process and its complexity. This chapter particularly studies the production strategies of the Romanian companies in the machine manufacturing industry (industrial machineries and equipment). It is recommended that the preparation of such a strategy would take into account the regional development strategy. In this context, the Advanced Production Strategies (APS) may successfully be used, which prefigure the transition to the machinist systems and then to systems based on artificial intelligence where an important role in preparing the production strategies is held by the systems based on artificial intelligence. The problem of elaborating some optimal strategic decisions is dealt with separately by using econometric models. In this context, the use of IT, respectively of expert systems, is essential in developing some very good strategies for industrial companies.
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Complexity Of Production Process In Machine Manufacturing Industry

The companies in the machine manufacturing industry have the object to manufacture machines, machineries and work equipment. The manufacturing process is all the employees’ conscious activities carried out with work facilities, by means of which the objects of work are transformed into products or services. In this sector, just liked in the other industrial sectors, the production process is the organic unit of the technological processes with the work processes. The technological processes include all interdependent technological operations needed to make a product, a part of it or to provide a service. The main content of the production process is however the labour processes which are the performers’ actions, carried out on the work objects in order to transform them into finished products. Carrying out the production processes in a number of industrial sectors, including the machine constructions require the involvement of some natural processes wherein the objects of work undergo physical or chemical transformations as consequence of the direct influence of the natural factors (for example, cooling the cast and forged components or naturally drying the paint that protects the finished products).

The production process is the major component of the production system that designates the organised assembly of carrying out a production activity consisting of interdependent productive factors that ensure a certain level of economic efficiency. In a simplified form where production is assimilated to a process of transforming the input elements into a specific set of output elements, the productive system of machine manufacturing companies may be described by its three components, such as: inputs, outputs and the production process itself. The materials, labour-force, power, financial and informational resources are the basic elements of the inputs into the productive system, and the outputs are all the final products and services. Thus, the production process involves the use of buildings, plants, industrial equipment and other work facilities during the activities to transform the input vectors into products and/or services. Obviously, the configuration of each production system can be characterised by subjectively establishing the elements of an objective reality based on the precepts of the general theory of systems. The selected components shall be interconnected in a mechanism that would ensure the main function of production, meaning the transformation of raw matters and materials into finished products. A variant for structuring the production system for the machine manufacturing companies is given in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

The structure of a production system in the machine manufacturing sector

The main component of the production system is therefore the manufacturing subsystem, related to the most important segment of manufacturing the goods that consists of those partial processes that provide the desired configuration and final properties to the final products. The typological analysis of the manufacturing systems in the machinery manufacturing industry enables the systematisation of the lower subsystems shown in Table 1.

Table 1.
The structure and functions of the manufacturing systems in the machine manufacturing industry
Subsystems of 1st DegreeSubsystems of 2nd DegreePartial Functions of the Subsystems
I. PROCESSING
SYSTEM
(EFFECTOR)
I.1. Mechanic system
I.2. Driving system
It is the major component of the manufacturing system that changes the properties of the work objects according to the characteristics specific to the technological process
II. LOGISTICAL
SYSTEM
II.1. Transportation logistical system
II.2. Storage logistical system
Supply, handling and transportation of components
Storage of components
III. CONTROL
SYSTEM
III.1. Manufacturing process operative management system
III.2. Technical control system
Processing, transporting and storing the information on the coordination of the material and power flows with the technical control programs
Processing, transmission and storage of technical information on the control of machines and equipment
IV. CONTROL
SYSTEM
IV.1. Inputs control system
IV.2. Manufacturing process control system
IV.3. Outputs control system
It compares the standard-values of the components quality parameters to those made and sends information to the control system

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