Productive Mechanism Design to Control Migration Temperature Basing on Cognitive Modeling

Productive Mechanism Design to Control Migration Temperature Basing on Cognitive Modeling

Oleg Yurievich Patlasov (K. G. Razumovski Moscow State University of Technologies and Management, Russia), Oleg Nikolaevich Luchko (Omsk Humanities Academy, Russia) and Svetlana Khamitianovna Mukhametdinova (Omsk Humanities Academy, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0111-5.ch003

Abstract

This research chapter describes one of the approaches to designing a productive mechanism for migration temperature control considering it as an integral qualitative and quantitative indicator of the social and economic problems associated with migration processes. The analysis of various approaches to studying migration processes impacts the socioeconomic situation in recipient countries has been carried out. Some cognitive models have been developed based on the questionnaire result analysis, expert assessments, and statistical data. A series of simulation experiments have been carried out using software specially developed to automate the cognitive modeling processes. In the course of our experiments, some changes in the target factor. i.e., in migration temperature, have been detected as a result from different intensity impulses impacting on individual controlling factors. Within the developed models framework, several proposals have been put forward concerning the productive mechanism for migration temperature control.
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Background

Various aspects of migration have been studied by scientists from different countries. In particular, the work by Agatha Górny and Marta Kindler (2013) is dedicated to Ukrainian migration from the conceptual and empirical points of view, it examines causes and consequences of international mobility as well as temporary forms of migration.

Li (2016) analyzes qualitative-quantitative composition of Chinese migration flows in several generations starting from the 1980s. Their work emphasizes that the government and the central committee of the Chinese Communist Party pay close attention to migrant workers, and this is reflected in “New Generation of Migrant Workers” concept. The author also provides a very detailed description of this document.

Comparative analysis of intergenerational consequences from migration in terms of education results of the European Turks and their compatriots staying back in the motherland has been carried out in (Guveli et al., 2016). This study analyzes the impact of migration on various life aspects of several generations of 2,000 Turkish families, such as fertility, education, religiosity etc. The specifics of transformation and continuity in the life of migrants and their families in Europe are compared with those of their compatriots back in Turkey.

International labor market is not the mechanical totality of national markets, but rather an inter- and even supranational formation based on the demand for labor force abroad satisfied through export/import of labor force (Kulinich, 2003). The process of international labor market formation proceeds through the movement of people between countries and amalgamation of labor markets, though thanks to telework opportunities and growing population, joining the labor market may often take place without any physical movement as such (Patlasov, 2000).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Cognitive Methodology: stands for cognitive-logical organization of activities and it consists in goal determination, research object and research subject identification, cognitive modeling methods and technologies.

The Arc: is a relationship between factors.

Migration Temperature: is a qualitative-quantitative integral indicator characterizing the degree of migration impact on the social, cultural, political, religious, criminal and economic situation in a recipient country or region. A more intense socioeconomic situation caused by the migration consequences corresponds to higher migration temperature.

Migration Policy: A system of legal, financial, administrative and organizational international, national, non-governmental (public) organizations aimed to regulate migration processes according to migration priorities and tasks, quantitative and qualitative composition of migration flows and a roadmap of migration regulation goals’ achievement.

Cognitive Map (Model): is a model of expert knowledge or statistical data representation constructed in the form of a directed diagraph (F, W), where F is the set of situation factors, and W is the set of cause-effect relations between them.

The Weight Coefficient: of the w ij arc is a numerical characteristic of the influence degree of one factor on another.

The Target Factor: or the preferred vertex of the graph under investigation is some future state of the object; the other vertices correspond to controlling factors.

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