Psychologies of Learning

Psychologies of Learning

Lawrence A. Tomei (Robert Morris University, USA)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-524-5.ch002
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The primary responsibility of teachers is to promote student learning. This chapter explores the schools of educational psychology and how human activities change as a result of extrinsic motivators such as incentives, rewards, and punishments. Behaviorists advocate influencing behavior through the systematic adjustments of stimulus-response reinforcements. Cognitive psychology holds that information is more likely to be acquired, retained, and retrieved for future use if it is learner-constructed, relevant, and built upon prior knowledge. Humanist psychology focuses on individual growth and development. It stems from the theory that learning occurs primarily through reflection on personal experience, and as a result of intrinsic motivation.

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