Qualification Design and Sanitation for Pure Drinkable Water: A Project Study

Qualification Design and Sanitation for Pure Drinkable Water: A Project Study

Fehiman Çiner (Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Turkey), Neslihan Doğan-Sağlamtimur (Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Turkey), Altan Dizdar (ORKON International Engineering Training Consulting Co. Inc., Turkey), Gamze Yücel Işıldar (Gazi University, Turkey), Seniha Alev Söylemez (Gazi University, Turkey), Hakan Naim Ardor (Gazi University, Turkey), Mustafa Necat Coşkun (Gazi University, Turkey), Ertuğrul Dizdar (ORKON International Engineering Training Consulting Co. Inc., Turkey), Çağan Dizdar (ORKON International Engineering Training Consulting Co. Inc., Turkey), Anna Kujumdzieva (Biointech Ltd., Bulgaria) and Christian M. Stracke (Open University of The Netherlands (OUNL), The Netherlands)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5757-9.ch013

Abstract

Drinking water quality management has been a key element of primary prevention and control of waterborne diseases for a long time. This chapter is based on the EU Project “Implementation of ECVET for Qualification Design in Drinking Water Treatment Plants and Sanitation for Pure Drinkable Water-PUREH2O” that contributes to the recognition and transparency of qualifications at the EU level and provides an innovative model for competencies for the potable water sector. The main dilemma that PURE-H2O intends to tackle is the lack of mutual recognition of qualification that is often impaired by national restrictions by applying EUROPASS, European/National Qualification Framework (EQF/NQF), and the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) instruments. The aim of the project is to enhance the quality and performance of VET system improving education in drinking water supply and development. This project could also be achieved through promoting creativity, innovation, and transfer of EQF/NQF principles in education of the main target group in the sector.
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Background

In general, there is a need for water treatment trainer with the practical, real-world, what-they-need-to-know knowledge and proficiencies concerning water treatment, including trouble shooting specific problems, technical assessments, design reviews, bid evaluations, cost reduction audits, market analyses and expert witness services. H2O Project describes the areas and levels of knowledge, skill and competence required of water profession from LO standards can be applied the assessment mechanisms by using learning outcomes (PUREH2O, 2017).

Water has two closely linked dimensions: quantity and quality. Water quality is an important concept related to all aspects of ecosystems and human well-being such as the health of a community, food to be produced, economic activities, ecosystem health and biodiversity (World Health Organization, 2017).

Key Terms in this Chapter

ESCO (European Skills/Competences, Qualifications, and Occupations): Is the only European multilingual classification linking skills and competences and qualifications to occupations and will be available free of charge to all labor market, education institutions, and other stakeholders. It is coordinated by the European Union.

Sanitation: Is the means of promoting hygiene through the prevention of human contact with hazards of wastes and generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces.

EUROPASS: Is an EU initiative that aims at increasing transparency of qualifications and mobility of citizens across Europe. It is a lifelong learning portfolio of documents describing all learning results, qualifications, work achievements, skills, and competencies, acquired over time, along with appropriate certificates.

ECVET: Creates a technical framework to describe qualifications in terms of units of learning outcomes that are subjected to assessment, transfer, accumulation, and recognition procedures. Each unit is associated with a certain number of ECVET points developed on common standards.

EQF (European Qualifications Framework): Is a translation tool that helps communication and comparison between qualifications systems in Europe. Its eight common European reference levels are described in terms of learning outcomes: knowledge, skills, and competences.

Drinking Water: Known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation. It does not represent any significant risk to health over a lifetime of consumption, including different sensitivities that may occur between life stages.

Qualification Design: Is the documentation of the planning phase, including the decision making for the equipment. It takes place before the equipment is constructed.

ISCO (International Standard Classification of Occupations): Is a four-level classification of occupation groups managed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

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