REDAlert+: Medical/Fire Emergency and Warning System using Android Devices

REDAlert+: Medical/Fire Emergency and Warning System using Android Devices

Arjun Shakdher (Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, India) and Kavita Pandey (Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2535-7.ch002
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Each year, thousands of people in developing countries die due to delayed medical response. A common complaint is that emergency vehicles respond late and when they reach the hospital, precious time is lost in understanding the patient trauma before the doctors can get to work. A large number of deaths can be prevented if medical services can be provided to the victims in time, which can happen when the emergency wing of a hospital has advance information about the trauma before the patient reaches the hospital. Most hospitals lack communication infrastructure that allows them to coordinate with emergency vehicles bringing patients to hospital. In developed countries, Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) are prevalent. These networks use vehicles as mobile nodes to create a small-interconnected network on the road. A mobile application based on the principle of VANETs in combination with wireless communication and database management has been devised, that when integrated with emergency vehicles and hospitals, provides a seamless medical response system at times of an emergency.
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Various mobile applications and IT solutions dealing with coordination, communication and tracking during emergencies have been developed in the last lustrum. The pervasiveness of mobile devices has obviated the need for using costly equipment and the fast expanding universe of mobile apps has helped ease creation of solutions that address specific issues. However only a few of these solutions have been successful in streamlining communication in times of emergency.

Chang et al. (2012) proposed to store critical information like observations of earthquake, debris flow, abnormal weather, river pan abuse, abnormal weather, etc. in an online web emergency database system, thereby developing an Android-based emergency SMS broadcasting application where people of the region could receive real-time messages in case of any natural disasters. They identified a design, which included requirement specification of three functional subsystems, namely, web application subsystem (WAS), an emergency database subsystem (EDS) and an embedded mobile application subsystem (EMAS).

Hariprasath et al. (2013) proposed an emergency alerts system where they developed certain efficient mathematical techniques to avoid network congestion while broadcasting SMS alerts. They also calculated the minimum time required for the delivery of those bulk messages using GSM network in smartphones.

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