Religion, Church, and Public Space

Religion, Church, and Public Space

Gheorghe Petraru (Al. I. Cuza University, Romania)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1955-3.ch006
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Abstract

The present text is divided into three chapters and deals with the intrinsic religious dimension of man as being of communion from an ontological viewpoint and in relation with God, her Creator and Supporter in this mundane existence. This existence is open to eternity as a real personal and communitarian communion in the dynamics of spiritual growth. For Christians, the Church is the path of genuine and redeeming communion with God the Trinity as shown in the foundational biblical metanarrative, typologically interpreted by Christian theology, and spiritually experienced by practicing believers. Sacramentally, this happens through prayer, through the reading of the holy text, and the liturgical and Eucharistic gathering that celebrates the real sacrament of God's presence for us. The relation between the Church with the State in modern and postmodern times testifies to the change in mindset that has occurred by means of the ideological absolutisation of the state and the theoretical marginalization or atomization of religion. On the one hand, this shows the inconsistency of the project and on the other hand, the impossibility to fight with the religious soul of humanity, the religious dimension inherently and intrinsically structured in the ontological relationship between human and divine, in any mundane historical context.
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Religion

Nowadays we are witnessing a large debate about religion. Theology, philosophy, sociology or the psychology of religion deliver much research to a market of ideas, along with reflection, ways to interpret and receive religious ideas, beliefs rooted in different living religious experiences and traditions, missing sometimes the core of the issue in a society that lost this fundamental human dimension which underlines the deep human subject and its complex inner structure. The concept of homo religiosus is an asset, an essential given for human existence which is a relation with divinity in people’s conscience, a forma mentis which symbolizes man’s communion and familiarity with God shown in the multiform universal religious phenomenon. According to Christian hermeneutics “religions appear in their authentic elements as a providential training for Christ’s coming – preparatio Evangeliae (Davhamony, 1992, p. 1127). The origin of religion is in God and God revealed Himself to man from the beginning. God Himself maintains this relationship with man in fidelity and truth in order to teach humankind the true saving religion beyond the human fall and sin.

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