Remote Elderly Health Monitoring System Using Cloud-Based WBANs

Remote Elderly Health Monitoring System Using Cloud-Based WBANs

D. Najumnissa Jamal (B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, India), S. Rajkumar (Bhairava Centre for Technology and Research, India) and Nabeena Ameen (B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5972-6.ch013
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Monitoring the physical condition of patients is a major errand for specialists. The development of wireless remote elderly patient monitoring system has been intensive in the past. RPM (remote patient monitoring) is reliant on the person's inspiration to deal with their wellbeing. The flow of patient data requires a group of medicinal services suppliers to deal with the information. RPM sending is reliant on a wireless telecommunication infrastructure, which may not be accessible/practical in provincial territories. Patients' data are shared as service on cloud in hospitals. Therefore, in the current research, a new approach of cloud-based wireless remote patient monitoring system during emergency is proposed as a model to monitor the critical health data. The vital parameters are measured and transmitted. In this chapter, the authors present an extensive review of the significant technologies associated with wireless patient monitoring using wireless sensor networks and cloud.
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While the study involves various aspects of the care scenario, this chapter presents the WBAN options available currently, Cloud Computing platforms that enable M2M interaction and also interaction with different health-care and medical information systems in the health-care ecosystem to enable effective RPM and relevant care delivery and aspects in possible emergency care scenarios that necessitate data availability.

Cloud Computing for Patient Monitoring

Cloud computing is characterized as the arrival of computing administrations—servers, stockpiling, databases, organizing, software, examination and the web (“the cloud”). Corporate contributing these computing administrations are called cloud suppliers and normally charge for cloud computing administrations in light of use, like charging for water or power at home.

Cloud Computing provides the following solution choices that can be mashed-up based on relevancy with care scenario that is being addressed. This also empowers the care community to take learned decision relevant to the situation ensuring timely delivery of the care, enabling them in the process to identify and provide quality personalized care. They are monitored via Software-as-a-Service Applications and Platform and Cloud Based M2M and IoT Platform.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Vital Parameters: The normal ranges for a person's vital signs differ with age, weight, sexual orientation, and general wellbeing. There are four essential fundamental signs: body temperature, blood pressure, pulse (heart rate), and breathing rate (respiratory rate).

Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM): It is a technology to facilitate monitoring of patients outside of traditional clinical settings (e.g., in the home), which may build access to care and decline social insurance and conveyance costs.

Hospital Information System (HIS): In many implementations, a HIS is a comprehensive, integrated information system intended to manage all the aspects of a hospital's operation, for example, medical, administrative, financial, and legal issues and the comparing preparing of administrations.

Telemedicine: Telemedicine permits medicinal services experts to evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients in remote locations using telecommunications technology. Telemedicine enables patients in remote locations to get to medicinal ability rapidly, effectively, and without travel. Telemedicine gives more effective utilization of restricted master assets who can “see” patients in numerous locations wherever they are required without leaving their office.

Quality of Service (QoS): Refers to the ability of a network to give better support of the selected network traffic over different advances, including Frame Relay, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), Ethernet and 802.1 networks, SONET, and IP-routed networks that may utilize any or all of these basic technologies.

M2M: M2M correspondence is regularly utilized for remote checking. M2M correspondence is an imperative part of distribution center administration, remote control, mechanical technology, activity control, calculated administrations, inventory network administration, armada administration, and telemedicine.

Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN): A wireless body area network is a special purpose sensor network designed to operate separately to connect different medical sensors and appliances, situated inside and outside of a human body.

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