Remote Sensing Techniques and Its Application in Arid Zones of India

Remote Sensing Techniques and Its Application in Arid Zones of India

Lokesh Kumar Jain
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7033-2.ch047
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Remote sensing technologies offer the potential for contributing the security to human existence on arid zones in the country in variety of ways. Remote Sensing in agriculture particularly for natural resource management. It provides important coverage, mapping and classification of land cover features. The remote view of the sensor and the ability to store, analyze, and display the sensed data on field maps are make remote sensing a potentially important tool for agriculture. The aerial photography gives two main advantages viz., speedy survey in very large area or remote area and precise description and recording of resources status. Remotely sensed images provide a means to assess field conditions and gave valuable insights into agronomic management. It led to understanding of leaf reflectance and leaf emittance changes in response to leaf thickness, species, canopy shape, leaf age, nutrient status, and water status. Understanding of leaf reflectance has led to quantify various agronomic parameters, e.g., leaf area, crop cover, biomass, crop type, nutrient status, and yield.
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Remote Sensing Platforms

Three platforms are generally used for remote sensing techniques. They are ground based, air based and satellite based. Infrared thermometer, Spectral radiometer, Pilot-Balloons and Radars are some of the ground based remote sensing tools while aircrafts air based remote sensing tools. Since the ground based and air based platforms are very costly and have limited use, space based satellite technology has become handy for wider application of remote sensing techniques. The digital image processing, using powerful computers, is the key tool for analyzing and interpretation of remotely sensed data (Patel & Singh, 2015). The advantages of satellite remote sensing are:

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