Research Methodology

Research Methodology

Swati C. Jagdale (MAEER's Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, India), Rahul U. Hude (MAEER's Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, India) and Aniruddha R. Chabukswar (MAEER's Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7659-4.ch045

Abstract

Research is a logical and systematic approach to investigate or find solutions to scientific and social problems. The research is primarily carried out to discover new facts, to verify and test important facts, and to analyze an event or process. Research is carried out with the help of study, experiment, observation, analysis, comparison, and reasoning. Research is important both in scientific and nonscientific fields. There are two types of research: basic and applied. Basic research is an investigation on basic principles and reasons for occurrence of a particular event or process or phenomenon. Applied research solves certain problems employing well-known and accepted theories and principles. The research process is carried out through series of steps. Research methods are the various procedures, schemes, and algorithms used in research. The research methodology is a systematic way to solve a problem. It is a science of studying how research is to be carried out.
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Background

In the 1600s the origin of modern scientific method occurred in Europe.

  • Copernicus: A scientific model that could be verified and checked by observation.

  • Tycho Brahe: Accurate instrumental observations to confirm the model.

  • Johannes Kepler: Theoretical examination of experimental data.

  • Galileo Galilei: Scientific laws developed from experiment.

  • Rene Descartes: Mathematics to quantitatively show theoretical ideas.

  • Isaac Newton: Theoretical derivation of an experimentally confirmable model.

  • Karl Popper: Scientific theory should make predictions and can be tested and verified (Frederick, 2011; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_scientific_method).

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Objective Of Research

  • 1.

    To gain knowledge with a phenomenon or to achieve new perceptions into it.

  • 2.

    To draw accurately the characteristics of a particular situation, individual or a group.

  • 3.

    To determine the time frame with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else.

  • 4.

    To test a theory of a causal relationship between variables that is to analyses process or phenomenon.

  • 5.

    To discover new facts; verify and test important facts.

  • 6.

    To develop new concepts, theories and scientific tools to solve and understand the problems.

  • 7.

    To find answers to scientific, nonscientific and social problems and to overcome the problems occurring in everyday life (Gogoi and Goowalla, 2015; Bhawna, and Gobind 2015).

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