Resilience and Its Importance to Online Students

Resilience and Its Importance to Online Students

Mary I. Dereshiwsky (Northern Arizona University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5255-0.ch015

Abstract

Resilience is a key life success trait that can spell the distinction in success or failure of learning experiences for students. The online classroom is characterized by some unique challenges regarding student resilience. These challenges, as well as prospective strategies to overcome them, will be specifically discussed in the areas of technology, communication, and student assessment. Understanding the factors that facilitate development of online student resilience will enable instructors to create maximally effective learning experiences for their students.
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Background

Let’s begin with the meaning of resilience. What does this trait consist of? And why is it important? The literal translation of resilience is elasticity. This term refers to the flexibility or bendability of some object (Greene, et al., 2002). Gunderson and Holling (2002) and Walker et al. (2004) have defined this flexibility as follows:

Resilience is the capacity of a social-ecological system to absorb or withstand perturbations and other stressors such that the system remains within the same regime, essentially maintaining its structure and functions. It describes the degree to which the system is capable of self-organization, learning and adaptation (Holling 1973; Gunderson & Holling 2002; Walker et al. 2004).

With regard to persons, this flexibility takes the form of adaptability to external life events that may be perceived as stressful. While one person might give up in frustration, a resilient individual will choose to persist through to a successful resolution of the problem. Greene, et al. (2002) have referred to these traits as positive coping, adaptation and persistence. The idea is to face the stressor head on without significant disruption to one’s overall level of functioning (Perry, 2002). Holling (1973) has referred to this ability to return to equilibrium following a stressor as “bouncing back.” According to Garmezy (1990), the key question to ask oneself is: “Do you succumb or do you surmount?” In this regard, Bonnano (2004) has highlighted the importance of self-perception as a filter in our choice of response. Yet another classic saying comes to mind here: “We can…if we think we can.”

One particular area singled out in the resilience literature is risk taking (Rutter, 1987). Can the individual recognize and welcome the opportunity to grapple with positive risks? This is especially important if the attendant rewards include enhanced learning and acquiring new skills.

When considering resilient responses, it’s important to recognize that they are not necessarily easy or pleasant. The APA Psychology Help Center cautions that pain and sadness may be part of the experience when choosing to confront adversity or take on positive risks (). In other words, the classic adage, “No pain; no gain” definitely applies to resilient behavioral choices. At the same time, APA reminds us that adaptability can be learned with determination and practice.

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