Response to School Violence

Response to School Violence

Roger Neal McIntyre Jr. (Valdosta State University, USA), Lorna L. Alvarez-Rivera (Valdosta State University, USA), and T. Chris Owens (Independent Researcher, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9935-9.ch013
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This chapter sets forth to examine the different forms of violence that are present within U.S. school systems along with the general response to these acts. Acts of institutional and personal violence will be discussed along with the potential harm that each act presents. While institutional violence often goes ignored, the impact of these acts can have a substantial negative influence on the life and future career of children. Alternatively, instances of personal violence frequently receive substantial media attention while also causing high levels of fear among the American public regarding the safety of our schools. The most publicized and heinous type of personal violence that has transpired within school settings is events involving an active shooter(s). In addition to identifying the various types of violence, suggestions for improvement and preparedness are offered to reduce the prevalence of violence within schools.
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School Violence

Kids spend a majority of their time during the day within a classroom setting (Meehan & Kerig, 2010). It is the expectation that kids should be subjected to a safe, secure environment that fosters their intellectual growth and achievement. Unfortunately, schools have become battlegrounds where students and teachers fear for their safety and academic achievement is reduced (Kingery et al, 1993; Sturge, 1982). Eitle and Eitle (2003) found that the presence or fear of violence within schools would create stressful places to work and learn which could plausibly lead to students being less attached and committed to school. As students become less attached and committed to scholastic achievement, increased instances of low educational performance and dropping out of school become realistic concerns.

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