Role of Bibliographical Databases in Measuring Information: A Conceptual View

Role of Bibliographical Databases in Measuring Information: A Conceptual View

S. Hariharan (Marthandam College of Engineering and Technology, India), V. S. Prasanth (Lekshmipuram College of Arts and Science, India) and P. Saravanan (Lekshmipuram College of Arts and Science, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3457-0.ch005
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The quantum of information being produced has made the information scientists to devise various ways and means to effectively organize and disseminate them when needed. Bibliographical, citation and abstracting databases are the some of the tools. This chapter intends to describe the conceptual base of bibliographical databases, their genesis and impact in library science perspective and their importance in measuring information. The chapter also presents the science of measuring information using various quantitative and qualitative approaches like bibliometrics and scientometrics.
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The term bibliography was first used by Louis Jacob de Saint Charles in his bibliographic parsiana (1645 – 50) which gained popularity in the eighteenth century. The termis coined from the two Greek words, viz., 'Biblion' and 'graphein'. The meaning of the word biblion is Books and graphein is to write. Thus, etymologically bibliography means ‘writing of books’. Bibliography as defined by Shores (1954), is a “…list of written, printed or otherwise produced record of Civilization, which may include books, serials, pictures, films, maps, records, manuscripts and any other media of communication.” According to Ranganathan (1963), ‘bibliography’ “…is a list of documents listed together for some purpose. The purpose is to bring to the attention of the reader an exhaustive or selective list of documents relevant to his pursuit of study or enquiry.”

Bibliography is a complex structure of lists which extends from the local library to the region, nation and the world. A bibliography records not only what is available, but also what had been available in the past and what will be available in the immediate future.

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