Role of Dairy Farming in Rural Development

Role of Dairy Farming in Rural Development

Siraj Raja (IMT Ghaziabad, India) and Sanya Sehgal (IMT Ghaziabad, India)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8259-7.ch011
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Abstract

Dairy farming is one of the growing industries. It offers multiple opportunities to people and leave a sustainable impact on society, environment and economy. In this chapter we discuss about its reach and establishment in rural areas and how this industry can play an instrumental role in rural development. The present case captures and reviews the functioning of a dairy farm situated in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, a state in India. The chapter narrates the role of various heads working at this farm and elaborates the steps involved from procuring the dairy products to its treatment and finally to its catering to the consumer, this case is developed through a rigorous literature review. To assess and establish the role of dairy farming in rural development, this chapter discusses the three tier AMUL model of Gujarat, India is also reviewed. This model by now is the most structured one and lays the foundation for dairy farming in the country. It also demonstrates that dairy farming can become instrumental in rural development.
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Dairy Farming In India

As indicated by ASSOCHAM report (2010) milk handling in India is liable to achieve 190 million tons by 2015 (ref. Tables 1 and 2 for current production capabilities) with a yearly turnover of Rs.5 Lakh Cr. With planning commission focusing on 4.5 to 5% development for Animal farming in the twelfth arrangement and the World Bank’s contribution of Rs1584 Cr to National Dairy plan, the division is going to witness sound development in the years to come. Further a plan of Rs17, 300 Cr. National Dairy Plan by NDDB for the next 15 years will be propelled soon. It is speculated that the first stage will have Rs 2000 Cr as opening balance.

Table 1.
Current production capabilities: India’s Milk Production by species in tons (FAOSTAT, 2013)
YearCountry2005200620072008200920102011
All Milk Production in tonsIndia956190009934800010571200010861800011493000116904000119444000
USA80254500824630008418910086177400858805008747400089015200
% Difference between India & USA19%20%26%26%30%34%34%
Cow Milk ProductionIndia39759000141480004460100047006000478250004996000052500000
USA80254000824630008418910086177400858805008747440089015200
% Difference between India & USA102%100%89%83%80%75%70%

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