Routing Optimization for Integrated Optical and Mobile Ad hoc Networks

Routing Optimization for Integrated Optical and Mobile Ad hoc Networks

Adam Wong Yoon Khang, Mohamed Elshaikh Elobaid, Arnidza Ramli, Nadiatulhuda Zulkifli, Sevia Mahdaliza Idrus
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6023-4.ch004
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Resource consumption in access network will continue to draw attention due to the increasing trend of mobile user device and application. This chapter will address the issue of resource utilization efficiency via alternate specific method known as Taguchi offline optimization-based on mobile ad hoc network (MANET) to be applied into cooperating multiple layers framework of deploy over passive optical network (PON) called the last mile mobile hybrid optical wireless access network (LMMHOWAN). Adhering to this method, the chapter is also to propose the design of experiment simulation model using OMNeT++ software and its impact is investigated on the identified performance metrics like the end-to-end delay, packet delivery ratio (PDR), network capacity, packet loss probability (PLP), and energy consumption. Simulation result shows that the heterogeneous optical wireless network under the influence of random mobile connection can perform better with the optimized front-end wireless ad hoc.
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An access network has a typical distance of less than a hundred kilometers. It connects the end users (businesses and residential customers) to their primary service provider and the rest of the network infrastructure. Access demands for Internet Services are growing exponentially. It is estimated that access networks consume nearly 70% of the total Internet energy resource consumption worldwide (Skubic, Betou, Ayhan, & Dahlfort, 2012; Zhang, Chowdhury, Tornatoe, & Mukherjee, 2010). Due to this reason, network operators have shifted the direction towards more environmentally-friendly technologies. Thus, this new networking paradigm need to be addressed so that future ICT could be more sustainable by consuming a significantly lower amount of energy without affecting its core functionalities. As a result, standardization bodies and equipment vendors have launched various projects to provide efficient resource utilization solutions without compromising the guarantee of QoS in the near future. Among today’s system networking solutions, optical/wireless networking based Radio-and-Fiber technologies are considered to be the most promising transport technology due to its enhanced mobility, high speed, large capacity and low fiber attenuation (Tucker, 2011).

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