Rural Agriculture, Technological Innovation, Sustainable Food Production, and Consumption in Kebbi State, Nigeria, 1991-2018

Rural Agriculture, Technological Innovation, Sustainable Food Production, and Consumption in Kebbi State, Nigeria, 1991-2018

Atiku Abubakar Udulu (Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0125-2.ch008

Abstract

Agriculture has been the mainstay of Nigeria's rural economy. Food production and consumption started as a routine human activity. At a later stage, government got involved through provision of new agricultural inputs, collection, and redistribution of agricultural outputs, especially the staple foods such as grains, mainly millet, corn, and rice. The chapter explores various interventions in the areas of cultivation, processing, and distribution of food in the state. Historical method of enquiry is applied in the process of collection of materials and documenting this chapter. The findings of the chapter show that the state government has some degree of control on the production and distribution of food in the state. Technology boosts output and creates employment. Food products from Kebbi State are transported to many states in Nigeria, including a collaboration with a particular state in the southern part of the country. Thus, food production and distribution in the state is contributing to the national economy.
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Introduction

Kebbi State was created on the 27th of August 1991. It was carved out of the former Sokoto State. Kebbi State lies between Latitude 10oN, Longitude 30oN, covering the south western part of the former Sokoto State. The state shares common borders with Niger and Benin Republics, both French speaking West African countries on its north-west boundary. The land mass covered by the state is about 36, 229 square kilometres representing 3.92% of Nigeria’s total landmass of mainly tropical Savannah. The vegetation which comprises few trees of medium height dotted here and there provides good habitat for a variety of wild life and other animals (Official Dairy, 1999, pp. 1).

Agriculture has been the mainstay of rural economies in Nigeria, Kebbi State inclusive. The history of agriculture in Nigerian area is as old as the period when man settled after the period of collection of wild fruits and vegetables. Food production started as routine human activity but government involvement in agriculture led to its provision of farm inputs to farmers in form of loans. In the process of repayment, government also got involved in the collection and redistribution of agricultural outputs especially grains such as sorghum and rice. The agricultural produce available in commercial quantities in Kebbi State are; groundnut-arachis hypogaea, gum arabic-acacia polycantha, fruits like mango-modifera indica, guava-psidium guajava, pawpaw, banana, cashew-grahamii, sugarcane-saccharum officinarum, vegetables (tomatoes, onions, garlic, spinach), rice-oryza glaberrima, wheat-triticum oestivum, beans-labalab niger, etc. Other available produce in the state are soya beans-lablab niger/cajanus cajan and ginger-alramom melegu. There is cotton-gossypium which has a high demand within and outside the state. A lot of tree crops are also available in the state, they are sheanut-vetellaria paradoxo, thorn tree called bagaruwa in Hausa language-acacia nitotica, (its seeds are used for tanning), baobab, locust bean tree-adansonia digitata for preparation of soup seasoning called daddawa in Hausa, as well as many other economic trees. This chapter focused more on rice production and processing.

According to the 2006 census, Kebbi State has a population of three million and two hundred thousand (3,200,000) persons, consisting of diverse ethnic and tribal groups.

Table 1.
Kebbi State Population by Gender (1991 Census)
S/NOL.G.A.TOTALFEMALEMALE
1.Aliero49,44124,22625,215
2.Arewa181,75989,06292,697
3.Argungu163,85380,28883,565
4.Augie106,11251,99554,117
5.Bagudo203,42799,679103,748
6.Birnin Kebbi198,91497,468101,446
7.Bunza104,21151,06353,148
8.Dandi186,19197,11394,943
9.Danko/Wasagu198,19197,113101,078
10.Fakai48,48923,76024,404
11.Jega163,45080,09083,360
12.Gwandu141,96969,56572,404
13.Kalgo64,43231,57232,860
14.Koko/Besse141,62769,39772,230
15.Maiyama149,42673,21976,207
16.Ngaski90,92044,55146,369
17.Sakaba63,45631,09532,361
18.Shanga105,30751,60053,707
19.Suru154,57875,77378,805
20.Yauri74,91636,70938,207
21.Zuru175,86486,17389,691
Total2,766,5041,355,6171,410,887

Source: National Population Commission, (1991 Census).

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