Rural Development as a Tool of Inclusive Growth Glimpses From India

Rural Development as a Tool of Inclusive Growth Glimpses From India

Ved Pal Singh
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7158-2.ch018
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India is predominantly an agrarian country. Approximately 69% of India's population lives in villages. Hence, it becomes important that a proportionate amount of attention and funds be spent for the betterment of the rural folk. In spite of their being in majority, they have been lagging behind in the fields of education, civic amenities, medical facilities, and economic wellbeing. So, the government of India realize the need of improvement of condition of rural people. Many programs, schemes, and projects have been started for the betterment/upliftment of the living standards of the residents of these villages.
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Rural development aims at improving rural people’s livelihoods in an equitable and sustainable manner, both socially and environmentally, through better access to assets (natural, physical, human, technological and social capital), and services, and control over productive capital (in its financial or economic and political forms) that enable them to improve their livelihoods on a sustainable and equitable basis. The basic objectives of Rural Development Programmes have been alleviation of poverty and unemployment through creation of basic social and economic infrastructure, provision of training to rural unemployed youth and providing employment to marginal Farmers/Labourers to discourage seasonal and permanent migration to urban areas.

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