Rural Tourism in Transitional Russia's Economics: Fake or Real Alternative to Traditional Agricultural Production?

Rural Tourism in Transitional Russia's Economics: Fake or Real Alternative to Traditional Agricultural Production?

Anna Ivolga (Stavropol State Agrarian University, Russia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3817-2.ch059
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Abstract

This chapter assesses the potential of rural tourism in Russia, addresses such threats to sustainable rural development as unemployment and depopulation, and substantiates the practicality of diversification of traditional rural sources of income by means of tourism and other alternative activities. The system approach is utilized, which envisages systematization and stocktaking of various aspects of sustainable development: available resources, economic conditions of agricultural production, market capacity and demand for agricultural commodities and food, employment and social issues, environmental conditions, and alternative sources of income for rural inhabitants.
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Background

As to the definition of rural tourism itself, there are a lot of approaches. The official definition, accepted in Russia, is provided by the Federal Tourism Agency. It refers rural tourism as a kind of tourism, which facilitates permanent residence of tourists in rural areas for a purpose of rest and/or involvement into agricultural activities (Almukhamedova & Vilenskaya, 2013). The obligatory condition is the fact that accommodation facilities, both individual and specialized, have to be located in rural area or small towns without industrial or multi-storey constructions (Almukhamedova & Vilenskaya, 2013).

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