Safer and Faster Humanitarian Demining with Robots

Safer and Faster Humanitarian Demining with Robots

Emin Faruk Kececi (Istanbul Technical University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2012 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0291-5.ch010
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Abstract

The need to clean almost 1 million landmines on the Turkish border poses a great challenge to the Turkish military, both as a safety and a feasibility issue. In order to achieve this task, an Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) robot has been designed and a prototype has been manufactured. The robot has the capability of working in task space. The uniqueness of this research is that the design criteria and the prototype procedure is explained in detail. After the testing of the prototype, the research results are concluded—which functions the future EOD robots should have and how these functions can improve the performance and ease of use of this type of military robots. Autonomy, use of an advisory system, and automatic camera manipulation can improve the future EOD robots dramatically.
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Introduction

Landmine Monitor reports that there are 984313 landmines in 678 km of Turkish borderline to be cleaned by the year 2014 where the estimated cost for cleaning these mines is around 1 billion US dollars.

Even without considering the cost issue of this very dangerous task, around 674 mines need to be cleaned every day in 4 years. Moreover, considering the fact that almost half of the year this region is under a blanket of snow, which makes it impossible to locate and deactivate the mines, it is impossible to achieve this cleaning task without robots.

Table 1 shows the size of the landmine problem where the number of of casualties caused by the landmines is listed (Landmine Monitor, 2011). It is important to remember that the social and economical effects are even harder to calculate.

Table 1.
Number of casualties caused by landmines
Countries with 1,000 casualties or more from 1999-2008
Afghanistan12069
Cambodia7300
Colombia6696
Iraq5184
India2931
Russia2795
Angola2664
Somalia2354
Myanmar2325
Loa2295
Pakistan1969
Ethiopia1947
Sudan1748
Congo1696
Vietnam1545
Sri Lanka1272

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