Semantically Enriched e-Business Standards Development: The Case of ebXML Business Process Specification Schema

Semantically Enriched e-Business Standards Development: The Case of ebXML Business Process Specification Schema

Bahareh Rahmanzadeh Heravi (Brunel University, UK) and Mark Lycett (Brunel University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0146-8.ch030
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Abstract

An e-Business standard is a technical specification that provides a shared understanding and agreement on the shared information and data among trading partners. Standards are usually developed in a standards development organisation, where a guideline for the process of developing standards is provided. However, these guidelines are mainly concerned with the administrative aspect of the standardisation process, and there is a lack of practical technological support for developing the content of a standard specification. This chapter reviews the characteristics of e-Business standards and their development process and presents OntoStanD, a novel, comprehensive, ontology-based collaborative standards development methodology. OntoStanD is then applied on ebXML business process specification schema to demonstrate the application of OntoStanD.
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Background

Standards are important facilitators for achieving B2B interoperability. A Standard is a technical specification approved by a recognised standardisation body, which is designed to be used consistently, as a rule, a guideline, or a definition across particular communities of interest (ETSI, 2010). The aim of standards is to provide unambiguous specifications for error-free exchange of documents and information to achieve mutual benefit.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Normative Statement: Define the prescriptive requirements of a specification and are distinguished by the use of the reserved keywords such as MUST, SHOULD and MAY.

E-Business Standard: A technical specification which provides a common understanding and agreement on the shared information and data among trading partners

ebBP: A standard process definition language for defining and monitoring e-Business collaborations. It is one of the five key components of ebXML framework.

OntoStanD: A comprehensive ontology-based standards development methodology, which takes into account the collaborative nature of standard development.

DOGMA: A collaborative ontology engineering framework which has its roots in database semantics and model theory and natural language semantics.

Standards Development Process: A set of guidelines for the process of developing standards.

Ontology Engineering: A set of activities that concern the ontology development process, its lifecycle and creation methods.

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