Serious Gaming Supporting Competence Development in Sustainable Manufacturing

Serious Gaming Supporting Competence Development in Sustainable Manufacturing

Heiko Duin (BIBA – Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik GmbH, Germany), Gregor Cerinšek (Institute for Innovation and Development of University of Ljubljana, Slovenia), Manuel Fradinho (The Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research at the Norwegian Institute of Technology, Norway) and Marco Taisch (Politecnico di Milano, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1945-6.ch043


Becoming a sustainable global manufacturing enterprise is a challenge for almost every manufacturing organization in the world because of its multidimensional nature. Sustainability combines environmental, economic, and social dimensions and is considered to be a complex and hard to learn subject needing a lot of experience and competences. Traditional ways to create such experience and develop competences like role playing and simulations tend to take a lot of time and are expensive. On the other hand, serious gaming has proven to support learners in acquiring new and complex knowledge and is ideally suited to support problem based learning by creating engaging experiences around a contextual problem where users must apply competences to solve these presented challenges. This chapter introduces a new learning environment which is build around a gaming engine supporting the development of competences in specific subject areas. Selected competences in sustainable global manufacturing lead to the definition of scenarios, which then can be executed by a game engine, thus creating experience within the user. A knowledge ecology space allows the user to interact and reflect on learning outcomes with other participants. The subject of sustainable global manufacturing is the application case presented in this chapter showing how specific competences in this area have been identified and how a game scenario has been developed. Finally, its implementation and evaluation is discussed.
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Why There Is A Need For Serious Gaming In Sgm

Manufacturing industries account for a significant part of the world’s consumption of resources and generation of waste. Worldwide, the energy consumption of manufacturing industries grew by 61% from 1971 to 2004 and accounts for nearly a third of today’s global energy use. Likewise, they are responsible for 36% of global carbon dioxide emissions (IEA 2007).

Manufacturing industries nevertheless have the potential to become a driving force for the creation of a sustainable society. They can design and implement integrated sustainable practices and develop products and services that contribute to better environmental performance. This requires a shift in the perception and understanding of industrial production and the adoption of a more holistic approach to conducting business (Maxwell, Sheate et al. 2006).

Sustainable Manufacturing is part of a larger concept of sustainable development, which emerged in the early 1980’s in response to increased awareness and concern over the environmental and social impact of economic growth and global expansion of business and trade.

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