A Service-Oriented Privacy-Aware System for Medication Safety and Prescription Compliance in Smart Home Environments

A Service-Oriented Privacy-Aware System for Medication Safety and Prescription Compliance in Smart Home Environments

José M. Reyes Álamo (Iowa State University, USA), Ryan Babbitt (Iowa State University, USA), Hen-I Yang (Iowa State University, USA), Tanmoy Sarkar (Iowa State University, USA), Johnny Wong (Iowa State University, USA) and Carl K. Chang (Iowa State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-487-5.ch012
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Abstract

Medication management is becoming more complex, and the likelihood of unsafe prescriptions has increased because of the rapid pace of new medications introduced to the market, the trend of modern healthcare towards specialization, and the variety of medication interactions that complicate the prescribing process and patient management of medications. The severity of this problem is magnified when patients require multiple medications or have cognitive impairments. To counter this problem and improve the quality of patient healthcare, we designed and implemented a service-oriented system for medication management that collects and integrates information from patient smart homes, doctor offices and pharmacies to 1) detect adverse reactions among prescribed medications, existing health conditions, and foods, and 2) monitor and promote compliance with prescription instructions. The system is privacy-aware and designed to support information privacy regulations, such as the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
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Currently, there are two methodologies for providing medication management services: in-home medication management, which emphasizes prescription compliance monitoring, and online medication management, which emphasizes avoidance of medication conflicts. However, neither fully addresses the problems they are intended to solve.

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