Sexuality, Parenting Skills, and Related Issues in Persons with Intellectual Disability

Sexuality, Parenting Skills, and Related Issues in Persons with Intellectual Disability

Rejani Thudalikunnil Gopalan (Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, India) and Prathibha Agustus (Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0089-6.ch020
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Abstract

Sexuality begins from the moment of birth and has an active role in the development, evolution, emotional balance and affective stability of the individual. It has a significant role in interpersonal and couple's relationships. As intellectually disabled person approach puberty their control of behaviour and expression of sexuality may manifest in unacceptable ways. Persons with intellectual disabilities are at increased risk for physical, sexual and emotional abuse. The chapter focused on the issues related to sexual feelings and its expression among intellectually disabled people and the risk for sexual abuse. The necessity of sex education and components of sex education for different group also explained in detail. The chapter also addressed the parenting skills and problems related with parenthood among individuals with intellectual disability.
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Sexual Abuse In Persons With Intellectual Disability

Persons with intellectual disabilities are at increased risk for physical, sexual and emotional abuse. With regard to sexual abuse an incidence rate of 50% is seen among such individuals (Van Dyke, McBrien & Sherbondy, 1995). It has been found that about 90 percent of people with developmental disabilities will experience sexual abuse at some point in their lives. Mostly, females are victims of sexual abuse and those with borderline to mild mental retardation. The incidence of abuse tend to decrease as the level of disability become severe (Schor, 1987).

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