“Should I Go to Ireland or Mexico?”: A Comparison of Two Pre-Student Teaching Study Abroad Programs Offered by the Same Department

“Should I Go to Ireland or Mexico?”: A Comparison of Two Pre-Student Teaching Study Abroad Programs Offered by the Same Department

Scott L. Roberts (Central Michigan University, USA) and Kristina Rouech (Central Michigan University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1057-4.ch003
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Abstract

This chapter presents and discusses the experience of two university professors' participation in two different study abroad programs. Within the first two years of employment at the university, one professor went to Oaxaca and the other went to Ireland with groups of pre-student teachers. The chapter discusses previous literature and the impact of study abroad programs on teacher education, program basics from the authors' university, the authors' personal experiences travelling with students for the first time, commonalities and differences among the two programs, benefits from their experiences, and ideas for further development of effective study abroad programs for education students.
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Background

In a review of the relevant literature, the authors found that most of the work concerning study abroad programs offers a large amount of details on the qualitative and quantitative results and the perceptions of the students who participated in them. A large number of colleges and universities offer study abroad programs for their pre-student teachers. Though research has suggested that these programs are useful for helping students come back with new perspectives about the world and how to teach diverse students, there are also some critics of the usefulness of these types of programs (Biraimah & Jotia, 2012; Garii, 2009; Phillion et al., 2009; Stachowski & Sparks, 2007; Willard-Holt, 2001; Woolf, 2006). In this section, we will briefly discuss the literature describing both the benefits and challenges of study abroad programs for pre-student teachers and what students gain from participating in these programs

Generally the literature concerning study abroad programs is favorable, with the exception of few authors such as Woolf (2006) who critiques study abroad programs geared toward “non-traditional countries” as “a kind of voyeurism in which privileged young Americans go to observe relative poverty in a developing country” (p. 136). In the same vein, Zemach-Bersin (2007) claims study abroad programs “reproduces the logic of colonialism, legitimizes American imperialist desires, and allows for the interested of U.S. foreign policy to be articulated through the specious rhetoric of global universality” (p. 17).

More often than not, however, the authors of these studies, who are usually faculty leaders of these programs, praise study abroad for the positive impact that they have on their students. This is especially the case for those students who do their student teaching abroad. For example, Garri (2009) offers that students who student taught in developing countries learned flexibility, “increased comfort and ability to work with ambiguity and uncertainty” and had increased “self confidence” in their teaching practice (p. 97). In their own study about the cultural understanding gained by pre-student teachers, teaching abroad, Phillion, Malewski, Sharma, and Wang (2012) support Garri’s findings by claiming “preservice teachers begin to develop the awareness, sensitivity, and skills they urgently need to bridge the gap between White teachers and their historically underprivileged student populations and to understand the rapidly diversifying classrooms in which they will teach” (p. 336). Biraimah and Jotia (2012) contend that not only do students who student teach abroad show growth in cultural understanding and awareness, but they also have a deeper understanding of important teaching skills such as professional development, teaching methodologies, and teaching content (p. 451).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Cliffs of Moher: A natural attraction in Ireland on the Atlantic coast. At their highest point they are 702 feet above the ocean with a sheer drop.

Mitla: An archaeological site in Oaxaca, Mexico. Mitla was the religious center for the Zapotec culture. The site was still being used for religious ceremonies at the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico.

Seven Moles: A group of sauces used in Oaxacan cuisine. The types of moles include Negro, Rojo, Coloradito, Amarillo, Verde, Chichilo, and Manchamantel.

Monte Alban: A large pre-Columbian archaeological site in Oaxaca, Mexico.

Mescal: A distilled alcoholic beverage made from the maguey plant. The vast majority of Mescal production takes place in Oaxaca, Mexico.

Zapotecs: The largest indigenous group in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.

Guelaguetza: An annual cultural event in Oaxaca, Mexico, celebrating the native dances and culture of the indigenous groups in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.

Mixtecs: The third largest indigenous group in Mexico. The group inhabits the Mexican states of Guerrero, Oaxaca, and Puebla.

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