Simulation of Human Brain: Artificial Intelligence-Based Learning

Simulation of Human Brain: Artificial Intelligence-Based Learning

Navita Malik (Galgotias University, India) and Arun Solanki (Gautam Buddha University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4763-2.ch009
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AI is a branch of computer science that gives the ability to a computer to think and make decisions like humans. It stimulates the human brain in the computer and makes appropriate decisions when required. AI-enabled education impacts the designing of curriculum, mode of instruction, and many more. The use of these tools revolutionizing the education sector with the progression of ICT tools have now become AI-enabled. The main feature of an AI-enabled tool is personalization. These AI-enabled tools work like intelligent assistants for the students. The intelligent system having features like answer the queries of the students, give assistance, support learning, provide or take assignments, and provide reinforcement material according to their opted courses. A teacher has a minimum intervention with this process and has the role of a facilitator only. This chapter concludes that the AI-enabled teaching-learning process can't replace the classroom teaching; instead, it is handy. In the future, AI could replace the need of a teacher in class to some extent.
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1. Introduction

In many science fiction movies, we have seen the role of AI. In the education domain, AI is more than science fiction (Subrahmanyam,2018). There are credit systems in each education domain, and it has been offered by the MHRD in India to pass a course on the Swayam portal that is equal to the credit of an Indian university program of language education (Kashtwari,2019). Education using AI is much smarter than language learning and educational technology. Countries like the USA and China are in front of AI centered education and put AI in the classroom, too. As time passes, the education system realizes the role of AI in Education and find that teaching using AI techniques affect the way of teaching and learning. The AI may impact the designing of curriculum, mode of instruction, assessment preparation, and submission, but the advanced education tool of AI may or may not be capable of understanding and integrating the product and services of the system in the future (Hammond,2019).

In today’s scenario, we are going rapidly towards automation in every domain, and the education sector is also not untouched from this transition. The education sector is also using the online tutorials, smart boards, intelligent tutorial systems, chatbots, robots in the classroom to teach the students as technological advancements. This technological advancement is producing new opportunities for different sectors. Technological progress always raises the question of whether it is capable of revolutionizing higher education. This progress gives a fear which arises due to these applications of Artificial Intelligence. Different parameters are used in the education sector. These parameters should always be taken into account before putting theses AI advancements in the education sector before benefitting the teachers and students.

A learner starts its education when he or she is an infant and ends as a higher education student. The AI will impact the individual learning application as a teacher and learner.

This technological advancement of AI, start with the birth of ICT when the education system was using different ICT tools in the domain (Lieto, 2016). These ICT tools make the stakeholders i.e., teachers and students, curious to enhance the capability of existing tools as AI-enabled. In point of view of a single stakeholder, AI tools provide a viable solution in a certain way, to give the automated assistance. AI provides virtual support, which is helpful to stakeholders as it is available according to the time of the individual. This AI-enabled education gives us a rethink scenario as it is creating an impact on our convolution learning. Newly developed AI-based applications will provide a chance to introduce the new versatile curriculum to the education system. In the last decade, these changes taken place gradually and not noticeable significantly by the majority of universities. The impact of these changes used in many decision-making of education systems in the whole of the world. Nowadays, the role of this Artificial intelligence policy is going to revolutionize the education system in the entirety of the word (Ventura,2017). This chapter discusses the different aspects of the usage of AI in the higher education sector, covering the teacher and learner collaboration using AI, Human Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence, Intelligent Assistants in AI, importance, and role of AI in education, etc. After reading this chapter, the learner will be well aware of the current and future impact of AI in higher education.

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