Simulation of Manufacturing Processes via Virtual Reality

Simulation of Manufacturing Processes via Virtual Reality

Mohamed-Amine Abidi (Lyon University, France), Barbara Lyonnet (Nantes University, France), Pierre Chevaillier (Lyon University, France), Rosario Toscano (Lyon University, France) and Patrick Baert (Lyon University, France)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8693-9.ch005
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In a world in continuous evolution, the different industrial actors need to be reactive to remain competitive and to conquer new market trends. To achieve this, they are constrained to improve their way of industrial management, both at the strategic level, to adapt to technological advances and follow market trends. In this chapter, we introduce a new simulation method that makes it easy to understand the results of a given simulation. This is of crucial importance because the design stage of a manufacturing system usually implies not specialist actors. The objective of the chapter is to present the main advantages of using the virtual reality (VR) to the manufacturing processes simulation. To this end, a state of the art will compose the first part of the chapter. In the second part, we address the issue of the contribution of the VR to the industrial simulation.
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2. Approach Comparison

The typical problem with the representation of a simulation of a manufacturing system is to understand the simulation results. These results are generally understood only by experts. Although there are tools to represent them with 2D data visualization, to understand these results remains a lot of works of industry expertise, and the research works conducted by Dangelmaier et al. (2005) allow the implementation of a virtual reality system for 3D visualization of the complex results. The VR also allows simulating the configuration of machine installation, and the studies conducted by (Lindskog, Berglund, Vallhagen, & Johansson, 2013) show that industrial model VR can be used as a visual system when modeling and reconstruction of production systems and even testing the various setup configurations of the virtual model before the real installation of the system. Today, the 3D imaging methods and tools, i.e. the interactive virtual reality simulations appear in industrial activities, especially in project design or implementing CAD models “Computer Aided Design” in industrial production (Sreng, Lécuyer, Mégard, & Andriot, 2006) (Jayaram, 2007), which is also the case for different industrial activities related to automotive and aerospace, etc…

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