Smart Plant Monitoring System Using IoT Technology

Smart Plant Monitoring System Using IoT Technology

Ankur Kohli (University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, India), Rohit Kohli (Parkland Fuel Corporation, Canada), Bhupendra Singh (Schematics Microelectronics, India) and Jasjit Singh (University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9574-8.ch016


Plants play a vital role in maintaining the ecological cycle, and thus, to maintain the plant's proper growth and health, adequate monitoring is required. Hence, the aim of the chapter is to create a smart plant monitoring system using automation and internet of things (IOT) technology. This topic highlights various features such as smart decision making based on soil moisture real-time data. For this purpose, sensors like soil moisture sensor, DHT11 sensor, level sensor, etc. are used. The soil moisture sensor measures the level of moisture (i.e., water content of different plants). The signal will be sent to Arduino board when the moisture level drops below the marginal value, which triggers the pumping of water into the plant by the pump. When the moisture level reaches absolute value, the pump is halted. The other condition for this process is level sensor. Level sensor senses the water level in the tank and sends the information of water level value to Arduino board and Arduino board to cloud. The whole data about the plant monitoring will be sent to the cloud server.
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This chapter outline an IOT based Plant Parameters Monitoring System. Wireless Network is prepared by using NodeMCU board, Arduino UNO/Atmega interfacing board. This network helps with obtained data through Internet of Things. The planning of system is designed to locate the numerous needs of the plant parameters monitoring. The whole system consists of nodes which are situated at different part of the board. The data or the value from the sensors is collected by Arduino UNO/Atmega interfacing board and uploaded to cloud i.e. ThingSpeak Server through NodeMCU board.

The Other Operations of Smart Monitoring of Plants and Crops are as Follows

  • Soil moisture monitoring

  • Crop Monitoring

  • Temperature and Humidity Monitoring

  • Water level monitoring

Smart Plant Monitoring System using IOT Technology: Internet of Things technology is suitable for the smart plant monitoring system. This is also suitable to check the soil conditions as well, which may help to start a better growth of a plant. It may support to control water usage and wastage of water.



Plant plays a vital role in maintaining the ecological cycle and forms the foundation of a food chain pyramid and thus to maintain the plant’s proper growth and health adequate monitoring is required. Hence the aim at making plant monitoring system smart is using automation and Internet of Things (IOT) technology. This topic highlights various features such as smart decision making based on soil moisture real time data.

The computerized water system framework with IOT is practically and financially sufficient for planning water resources for plantation (group of a plant). Adopting the automatic water system framework we can demonstrate that the utilization of water can be decreased for various plantations (group of plants) usages. The system framework has an appropriated microwaves (wireless) chain of moisture content in the soil through soil moisture sensor, humidity and temperature sensor set in the root zone of the plants and level of water (ultrasonic) sensor is set in tank for checking the water level in tank. The data will gather from the sensors and send to the web server (cloud).

The background of chapter highlights the study of IOT in the field of agriculture. This shows how we can implement the IOT technology to make our planting smart and reliable with the real time updated data. This chapter also helps the beginners to implement the IOT technology and learn the basics of this technology.

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