Smart Resilience: Resilience Dimension of Smart Cities

Smart Resilience: Resilience Dimension of Smart Cities

Jing Pan (JCM International Engineering Management Institute, China)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0302-6.ch010
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Abstract

Resilient cities are characterized by enough capacity to respond to internal and external changes and uncertainties. Crisis arises from unprepared residents and inadequate capacity of a community to adapt to hazards. It leads to pollution and wastes due to the recovery and reconstruction activities. Empirical data show that unavailability of accurate building information and poorly informed public contribute to most of the crisis. Building resilience is a fundamental component of community resilience. It determines the resilient capacity of a community. The chapter presents a theoretical framework of Building Resilience Information Modeling (BRIM), including a dynamic real-time hazard mapping module and a scaled building vulnerability indicator module, and how it supports multiple stakeholders to collaborate in decision making. It presents not only a solution to community resilience as a use case of smart cities, but also an innovative way of integrating social and environmental aspects in built environments in terms of collective intelligence oriented to anticipating hazards so as to resolve them proactively and effectively.
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Background

Crisis rises from unpreparedness against disasters. As one of the well-studied field in the disaster cycle, preparedness. To solve the problem of low efficiency, efforts of harvesting crowd wisdoms is gradually changing the situation of solely relying on official information for decision making.

Crowd wisdom capturing is enabled by the technology leap in implementing smart buildings. Such public participation changes of disaster management paradigm, from reactive to proactive – appropriate understanding of uncertainty, decrease vulnerability by building community resilience. The paradigm is changing from top down to bottom up – top-down is effective with the reactive paradigm, however, the change of paradigm calls for the change of acting process and sequence as well. It is evolving from responding to crisis to understanding the nature of uncertainty as the new norm, and decrease the vulnerability by making the community and built environments resilient to changes.

The first section introduces the concept of community resilience and building resilience. It also states how a smart building system facilitates the implementation of building resilience and how a resilient community energizes a smart city in return. This section presents the challenges in practice to enable effective knowledge transfer.

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