Smart Waste Management System

Smart Waste Management System

S. Umamaheswari (Dr. G.R. Damodaran College of Science, India)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6207-8.ch010

Abstract

Smart connected devices are emerging from the internet today. These devices are embedded with intelligence due to the development in technology. These intelligent (smart) devices are capable of interacting with humans and other smart devices, which has led to the development of “Internet of Things” (IoT). The environment can be made smart and self-aware by the direct communication between more and more devices that are part of the IoT. The IoT concept can be applied to design a smart waste management system that makes the environment clean. A smart cities project has been initiated in most developing countries. Waste management is one of the prime components of the smart city. Garbage bins can be made intelligent, so that the fill level of the bins can be sensed, and the waste can be collected. This system will minimize the time and the cost of collecting waste.
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Background

Smart City

A Smart City is a one, which provides the needs of the citizens of developing the entire urban eco-system that is characterized by institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure. The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) changed the quality of life, mobility of the people and the economy (Jeff McIntire-Strasburg, 2015). In a Smart City project, all the processes will be automated with IoT devices. Smart Healthcare, Smart Education, Smart Waste Management, Smart Transportation and Smart Governance are some of the features of a Smart City. The main objective of a Smart City is to provide a good quality lifestyle, cost effective services and easy access to the services and infrastructure to the citizens of the country.

The Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet is emerging with a whole lot of smart connected devices today. There is an exponential growth in the number of smart devices connected to the mobile internet. The devices are embedded with high intelligence due to the development of technology. These intelligent (smart) devices are capable of interacting with humans and other smart devices, as well, which led to the development of the “Internet of Things” (IoT). Kevin Ashton has coined the term “Internet of Things” in the context of supply chain management in the year 1999 that describes a technology of the future based on the Internet and involves sharing of information (K. Ashton, 2009). The People use the internet through the World Wide Web through the interconnected autonomous devices called as the Internet of Things (IoT), which shares the information amongst each other over the Internet. There are no machine equivalent web browsers for these devices and the Development of new tools/services are in progress by the standardization bodies. The features of the Smart City can be implemented with the realization of IoT.

Key Terms in this Chapter

MQTT: Message Queuing Telemetry Transport: MQTT is a publish/subscribe messaging protocol designed for lightweight M2M communications.

6LoWPAN: IPv6 over Low Power Wireless Personal Area Networks: 6LoWPAN acts as an adaptation layer to transport IPv6 packets over 802.15.4 links.

IoT: Internet of Things: IoT refers to the interconnection of the IP smart objects, such as sensors and actuators.

GSM: Global System for Mobile used for communicating information between the devices in different locations.

CoAP: Constrained Application Protocol: CoAP is a specifically designed application layer protocol for use with constrained devices and constrained networks in the Internet of Things.

Data Analytics: The science of studying raw data with pattern matching and finding conclusions about the information.

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