Social Aware Cognitive Radio Networks: Effectiveness of Social Networks as a Strategic Tool for Organizational Business Management

Social Aware Cognitive Radio Networks: Effectiveness of Social Networks as a Strategic Tool for Organizational Business Management

Anandakumar Haldorai (Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, India), Arulmurugan Ramu (Presidency University, India) and Suriya Murugan (Velammal College of Engineering and Technology, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5097-6.ch010

Abstract

The mobile networks seem to have a steady future in the direction of the recent emergence of socially aware cognitive mobile networks. Their style and design are specifically made in improving shared spectrum space access, in cooperative spectrum sensing, and in enhancing device-to-device communications. Socially aware mobile networks do have enough potential to amass sufficient returns in the efficacy of the spectrum and also to march and gain a considerable amount of increase in the capacity of the network. Even though there are lot of gains in its potency to be reaped yet, still there seems to be enough challenges that are both business- and technical-related that have to be taken care of. This chapter delves into the cognitive radio (CR) and its social relations and also makes sufficient exploits in establishing a scheme that will be based on social-based cooperative sensing scheme (SBC).
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Introduction

These current days seem to have an imposing problem in its face which is the dire need of wireless spectrum as there is a ubiquitous growth in the use of wireless portable devices. A definite amount of structured spectrum has been allocated only to the licensed users as per the recent rules and regulations of spectrum allocation. The licensed users are for example the military, and others and therefore the rest of the customers with wireless devices are forced to make use of only the unlicensed spectrum. This system Burbank, J., Chimento, P., Haberman, B., & Kasch, W. (2006) which is known as the static spectrum access or in other terms this type of spectrum is permanently kept open only for the licensed clients. Although it is not made use of by the licensed users at all times, this licensed spectrum is inaccessible to rest of the customers and this leads to deficit in utilization of the entire spectrum supply.

A key investigation done by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reveals that the utilized portion of the licensed spectrum area is quite uneven and it also remains at a very constant stumpy of 15% . This inefficacy in spectrum management has to be seriously dealt with to meet the increasing necessities of the wireless spectrum. Joseph Mitola put forth the idea of Cognitive Radio or the CR in the year 1999. This is nothing but the intelligence of a wireless radio which is able to counter use the frequency band on the basis Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). A cognitive radio (CR) is quite efficient in Juarez, J., Dwivedi, A., Hammons, A., Jones, S., Weerackody, V., & Nichols, R. (2006) detecting the channels of frequencies that are available in its immediate neighborhood. Then it actually changes its broadcasting constraints as per the availability so as to not create disturbance to the original licensed users and also the rest of the secondary clients.

The parameters of the dynamic spectrum access states that when a licensed primary user (PU) do not make use of its spectrum area and do not relay any data through it then the secondary user (SU) can have access to that particular unused spectrum channel. Although whenever the PU decides to make use of their particular channel, then the SU have to clear their way and immediately vacate the spectrum. In an opportunistic spectrum access, a spectrum hole is made use of by the users when their wireless machines have permission to make use of a free standing frequency band.

The SU makes use of spectrum sensing in order to find out whether a particular spectrum is in use or stands free, so that unwarranted interference into a PU’s transmission can thus be avoided. Spectrum sensing tentatively tests a signal of the PU and based on its analysis, arrives at a conclusion about the condition of the PU as per the characteristic features of the sample signal. An unused or a free frequency is used for testing or tracing by the SU, as long as the PU restarts to work on the band again. On the other hand, whenever the SU senses the functions of a PU it immediately leaves the area and continues its Kamal, A. E. (2006) quest for any other free and unused channels. The DSA proves its worth by providing a much competent and resourceful means to improve spectrum utilization and the CRs makes reuse of the free licensed frequency bands. This helps greatly to alleviate the swarming crowd of the unlicensed channel.

The usage of cooperative spectrum sensing makes a marked difference in calculating or deciding the accuracy of PU channel when compared to sensing by using a local spectrum sensing. This is clearly shown in a previous study. A CR perceives the PU frequency on its own in a local sensing and comes to a conclusion about the condition of the PU relying on the results of its own perception. On the other hand, a cooperative spectrum sensing implies multiple perception of man CRs which sense the PU channels in common. A default mode on the basis of previous cooperative sensing is perceived where CRs totally wills to cooperate even if this condition does not stay the same always. Most of the wireless instruments are powered through batteries and the CRs are constantly in requirement of energy consumption in a much better efficient method. In spite of all this, performances of unrestricted cooperation activities are definitely are completely safe and secure.

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