Social Change: The Power of Place

Social Change: The Power of Place

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7961-8.ch005

Abstract

The differences between states and within states are profound, and while that has long been true, it is much more consequential to LGBT individuals since the legalization of same-sex marriage. Social change relating to LGBT issues were originally addressed in a 1997 article written by Thomas Stoddard titled “Bleeding Heart: Reflections on Using the Law to Make Social Change.” This chapter uses his framework and examines legislative responses to the legalization of same-sex marriage focusing on place.
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The Framework Applied To Lgbt Issues

Thomas Stoddard’s 1997 article, “Bleeding Heart: Reflections on Using the Law to Make Social Change” (“Bleeding Heart”), offers a framework for social change—four factors necessary for a culture shift to occur. Hunter (1997) and Sobel (2015) added a fifth dimension of social change—public engagement, which explains the speed at which cultural transformation occurs. Using these elements of change, this chapter examines the links between place and inequality:

(1) A change that is very broad or profound; (2) Public awareness of that change; (3) General sense of the legitimacy (or validity) of the change; (4) Overall, continuous enforcement of the change (Stoddard, 1997); and (5) Public engagement. (Hunter, 1997; Sobel, 2015)

Key Terms in this Chapter

Polarization: Political parties or groups that are unified internally but ideologically distant from those in other parties or groups.

Citizenship: The status of a person recognized under the law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.

Judicial Review: The power of the judiciary to interpret and overturn actions taken by the legislative and executive branches of government.

Belonging: Acceptance as a member or part that adds value in life and assists in coping.

Change: The act or process of making something different.

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