Social Networks: Implications for Education

Social Networks: Implications for Education

Mary Hricko (Kent State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-854-4.ch014
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Abstract

Online social networks (SNs) are dynamic Web 2.0 applications that can be used for teaching, learning, and research activities. These SNs offer a myriad of collaborative features for generating content and fostering interactive communication. Although many K-16 administrators tend to focus on the negative consequences of using such applications, online social networks, if managed effectively as instructional tools, can provide opportunities for educators to help students develop 21st century skills. This discussion provides an overview how online social networks can be used in education and offers guidelines for implementation.
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Understanding Social Network Sites

The ever-increasing mainstream use of social networks no doubt has had an impact on our information culture. Social network sites have nearly replaced email as the primary mode of communication exchange on the Internet because they offer a rich array of free multimodal features that enable users to share music, photos, videos, and files in a seamless manner. As a result, it is no wonder why our students spend more time on social network sites than on any other web sites on the Internet. Yet despite this reality, many administrators and educators are still reluctant to transition these technologies into the classroom.

Since most social network users are under the age of 35, these platforms are seen as cyberspace “hang outs” for young people (NSBA par 3). As a result, it is often difficult to consider social networks as platforms for education. In turn, administrators and educators have raised many questions on how and if social networks can support learning. Eberhardt (2007) summarizes some of the primary concerns:

  • 1.

    How significantly do social networks affect student learning?

  • 2.

    How do social networks create challenges for students’ intellectual development?

  • 3.

    How does or can this behavior help students develop the identify they need to effectively address complex questions, take a stand based on their beliefs, and negotiate meaning with others?

The lack of research on this subject often reaffirms the negative assessment that social network sites should be left out of the classroom. Critics, who believe that the medium cannot substitute for environments that foster structured formal learning, argue that the knowledge attained through social networks is superficial at best. Yet, research shows us that informal learning is often just as beneficial to our students. If given the opportunity to interact with teachers and other experts in an open environment, students are more likely to participate in the learning. Students gain what is often referred to as a “collective intelligence” or “wisdom of crowds” which results from the learning community that develops in an educational social network environment. In fact, the 2007 Horizon Report suggests “the features that make these tools so compelling are features that we need to understand and incorporate into higher education (for) to harness the power of social networking (is) to build rich, interactive, (and) robust learning communities.” (45)

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Background Of Social Networks

Social network sites that emerged in the late 1990’s are online communities that enable individuals to communicate, collaborate, and share content. Unlike newsgroup and listserv platforms, social network applications are much more dynamic because they offer a wide range of “read-write” features to allow users to generate and interact with the content. When an individual obtains an account through a social networking application, he or she is asked to create an online profile. A profile may consist of a simple format page or a series of pages that can contain a wide range of information related to the individual’s educational background, work experience, and interest areas. Depending upon the social networking application, the individual can then modify and customize the profile and build additional pages within the application to create a personalized web space that includes photos, videos, and even music. The user can also enhance the page by adding a wide range of interactive applications such as RSS news feeds or micro-applications such as widgets.

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