Social, Personalized Lifelong Learning

Social, Personalized Lifelong Learning

Alexandra Cristea (University of Warwick, UK), Fawaz Ghali (University of Warwick, UK) and Mike Joy (University of Warwick, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-983-5.ch004
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Abstract

This chapter discusses a challenging hot topic in the area of Web 2.0 technologies for Lifelong Learning: how to merge such technologies with research on personalizationand adaptive e-learning, in order to provide the best learning experience, customized for a specific learner or group of learners, in the context of communities of learning and authoring. The authors of this chapter discuss the most well-known frameworks and then show how an existing framework for personalized e-learning can be extended, in order to allow the specification of the complex new relationships that social aspects bring to e-learning platforms. This is not just about creating learning content, but also about developing new ways of learning. For instance, adaptation does not refer to an individual only, but also to groups, which can be groups of learners, designers or course authors. Their interests, objectives, capabilities, and backgrounds need to be catered to, as well as their group interaction. Furthermore, the boundaries between authors and learners become less distinct in the Web 2.0 context. This chapter presents the theoretical basis for this framework extension, as well as its implementation and evaluation, and concludes by discussing the results and drawing conclusions and interesting pointers for further research.
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Introduction

Lifelong learning (Aspin & Chapman, 2000) is a key element of our information society (and recently knowledge society) through which the potential exists for those who want to learn (Fischer, 2001). Lifelong learning is not restricted just to formal learning in schools and universities, but also throughout our life, at work and at home, and more importantly – for the purpose of the current chapter – on the web.

The term “Web 2.0” is attributed both to DiNucci (1999) and O’Reilly (2005), and became more widely known when it was proposed by O'Reilly during the Web 2.0 conference (O’Reilly, 2005). Currently it broadly refers to a web development stage which harnesses the power of the users, in which (for example) web-based communities and social networking sites, wikis, blogs, mashups and folksonomies, are integral parts. The infrastructure of Web 2.0 (or the “Social Web”) arguably also permits new means of lifelong learning, where the learners have not only reading but also writing access (rating, commenting, contributing with items, etc.) to communities, which collaborate in order to achieve specific goals (generally these goals are for the learners to learn and expand their knowledge level). These communities provide not only significant (sometimes also supplementary) learning material but also facilitate information sharing and collaboration between experts and(or) peers (Klamma et al., 2007). The shift towards the Web 2.0 (read/write) concept is changing the way in which content and services are being produced (Tapscott & Williams, 2006), and in lifelong learning this change can be seen as a type of communication in which learners can exchange with their teachers the role of being active and leading the processes of learning and knowledge construction (Roberts, 2005). According to Klamma et al. (2007), some of the key factors of Web 2.0 which make it a good opportunity for lifelong learning are as follows.

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