Social Presence in Distance Learning

Social Presence in Distance Learning

Brian Newberry (California State University, San Bernardino, USA)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-555-9.ch248
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Online learning can be seen as a form of distance education. Though online education is relatively new, distance education is not. According to Rumble (1986), the term distance education may have first been used as early as 1892 in a catalog of the University of Wisconsin. Distance education is, according to Verduin and Clark (1991): “...any formal approach to learning in which a majority of the instruction occurs while educator and learner are at a distance from one another” (p. 8). This emphasis on distance between learner and instructor or teacher is common, for instance, Berge and Collins (1995) define distance education as “the delivery of the educational process to receivers who are not in proximity to the person or persons managing or conducting the process” (p. 14).

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