Social Telerehabilitation

Social Telerehabilitation

Gilberto Marzano (Rezekne Academy of Technologies, Latvia)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7489-7.ch036

Abstract

Social telerehabilitation, which focuses on solving limitations and social issues associated with health conditions, represents a further specialization in telerehabilitation. Both telerehabilitation and social telerehabilitation are grounded in the delivery of rehabilitation services through telecommunication networks, especially by means of the internet. Essentially, telerehabilitation comprises methods of delivering rehabilitation services using ICT to minimize the barriers of distance, time, and cost. One can define social telerehabilitation as being the application of ICT to provide equitable access to social rehabilitation services, at a distance, to individuals who are geographically remote, and to those who are physically and economically disadvantaged.
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Background

Before to deal with social telerehabilitation, the more general notions of rehabilitation and telerehabilitation ought to be introduced.

In fact, social telerehabilitation, which focuses on solving limitations and social issues associated with health conditions, represents a further specialization in telerehabilitation. Figure 1 shows the position of social telerehabilitation within the general framework of telehealth.

Figure 1.

Social telerehabilitation within the telehealth general framework

978-1-5225-7489-7.ch036.f01

It has to be noted that social telerehabilitation results from a change in the concept of rehabilitation, which has seen a shift in view point away from a predominantly medical one, towards an increasingly complex one in which psychological and socio-cultural aspects are deemed to be of equal importance (Brown & Hughson, 1993; Wade & de Jong, 2000; Altman, Swick, Parrot & Malec, 2010; Karkou, Martinsone, Nazarova & Vaverniece, 2011).

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