Social Work in Islam, Socio-Religious Revelations, and Conflicts

Social Work in Islam, Socio-Religious Revelations, and Conflicts

Naila Iqbal Khan (Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Saudi Arabia)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0018-7.ch010

Abstract

To provide effective social services to different cultural groups requires cultural understanding which is often missed in recent social work education programs and textbooks. The use of fundamentally different social work knowledge and a different approach in every different cultural group is the key to effective social work in different areas. How to adopt social work in working with Muslim communities is an unresolved question so far. It can be done only by focusing on possible client characteristics, understanding the level of difficulties, and requirements from the perspective of the social workers. Issues of spirituality, different levels of understanding and working knowledge of working professionals, and understanding expectations of clients are relevant. All the educational institutions, agencies, and social workers must put up coordinated efforts to achieve the objective of localized social work for Muslim clients.
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Concept Of Philanthropy In Islam: Its Basis And Dimensions

Islamic injunctions make acts of charity obligatory but not limited to obligation only. In every religion it is compassion which has been given the highest place in philosophy. Humanitarianism is one of the basic themes of Islam. Salat (prayer) is obligatory for a Muslim. To help the poor and needy is not merely “polite” or “nice”; it is the duty of all faithful Muslims. The prayer (Salat), fasting during the month of Ramzan (Roza) and the pilgrimage to Mecca (Haj) are three pillars of Islam. Within these; pillars, the Quran encourages followers to serve humanity. Charity, generosity, hospitality and the care of the less fortunate are clearly duties for the faithful followers.

The Quran says: “But righteous is the one who… gives away wealth, out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free” (2:177). “So give to the near of kin his due, and to the needy and the wayfarer. This is best for those who desire Allah’s pleasure” (30:38)

Key Terms in this Chapter

Yatim: Who do not have father (Orphan).

Bal-Niketan: An orphanage.

Yatimkhana: An orphanage.

Salat: Daily offering of Namaz five times.

Nadar: Who have father and mother both.

Yasir: Who do not have mother (Orphan).

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