Stakeholder Interaction for Sustainability: The Impact of Social Media on Nigeria's Oil and Gas Industry

Stakeholder Interaction for Sustainability: The Impact of Social Media on Nigeria's Oil and Gas Industry

Uzoechi Nwagbara (Greenwich School of Management London, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1793-1.ch034
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Abstract

The wave of new media technology is sweeping across the globe. Given its speed of information dissemination and retrieval, it is relevant to explore how it can be used to manage corporate-stakeholder relations, engagement, and communication. This is because communication is an effective medium for managing relations (and crisis). In the post-conflict era in Niger delta region of Nigeria that has been described as slipping into the abyss of renewed conflict and violence following perceived failure of the amnesty deal to drive change, it is crucial to rethink the instrumentality of the new media in bringing better corporate-community relations in the region. It is expected that this process will democratise stakeholder engagement and widen discursive space following the speed, method, and multiplicity of the platforms that new media affords. The author also hopes that arguments shared here will cause a rethink on the possibility of a sustainable future in post-conflict Niger delta through new media technology.
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Literature Review

The presence of the multinationals (MNCs) in developing countries has generated criticisms and corporate-stakeholder impasse as their institutional philosophy often conflicts with stakeholders’ perception and interests (Madsen, 2009; DiMaggio & Powell, 1983). The stakeholders have often perceived the MNCs as not living up to their billings in terms of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainable business culture (Evuleocha, 2006; Frynas, 2009). The conflicting stakeholder perspectives on CSR have intensified debate on the role of business in society. Corporate social responsibility is not merely business-society dynamics; rather it is a method of considering the role of firms in society, which goes beyond the narrow economic perspective by incorporating social and environmental concerns (Carroll, 1999). This parallels what Elkington (1997) characterised as triple bottom line approach to business by factoring in economic, environmental and social issues.

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