State of the Art About COVID-19's Impact on Santiago University, Cape Verde

State of the Art About COVID-19's Impact on Santiago University, Cape Verde

Eduardo Moraes Sarmento (CEsA-CSG, Lisbon University, Portugal & Lusófona University, Portugal) and José Mascarenhas Monteiro (Santiago University, Cape Verde)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-6963-4.ch016
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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has become a critical challenge for the higher education sector worldwide. Under such a circumstance, the exploration of the capacity of this sector to adapt to such a state of uncertainty has become of huge importance. In this chapter, the authors critically reflect on the Cape Verdean teaching experience during the early COVID-19 lockdown. This is an exploratory case study based on a qualitative approach with an aim to reflect on new practices of teaching under a pandemic emergency. Based on the teaching experience of teaching in Santiago University, they explain how this university has changed from a face-to-face to an online teaching system and stress the challenges and opportunities that appear from this transition process. This chapter concludes that this strategy has become an opportunity to the university since it consistently raised the number of international students cooperating with them and also that the more adaptive and resilient approaches to online teaching were also a success.
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Background

The emergence and unprecedented spread of the COVID-19 as a global pandemic has been posing substantial challenges to the practices of everyday life. There has been a surge of interest to explore the dynamics of online education across different contexts amid the COVID-19 pandemic (Rapanta et al., 2020).

Many higher education institutions worldwide, had to inevitably made urgent adjustments to cope with the pandemic situation. In order to remain competitive and to deal with arising uncertainties and changing situations, many universities as well as academics had to readapt their behaviour towards teaching. The most significant aspect was the fast transition of higher education to online provision as well as the enforced digitalisation of pedagogical approaches for both the academic community and students (Rapanta et al., 2020).

Since the beginning of 2020, we have seen a consistent increasing body of knowledge exploring the capacities and challenges of online education (Dumford & Miller, 2018) in the academic field.

Even though there are several reasons for this, being the pandemic the major one, there is no doubt that the use of up-to-date online technologies was possible due to the better power of communications technology as well as the new students’ profiles who become “digital natives” (Nastaran & Hesam, 2021).

As a result of this proliferation of online teaching mostly in higher education worldwide, there has been a huge discussion about the challenges and benefits associated with this kind of teaching for both instructors and students. It has been argued that students assessing online classes may be less likely to participate in collaborative learning activities compared to their counterparts in face-to-face classes (Dumford & Miller, 2018).

It is important to notice that the education conducted with digital tools is often associated with different terms (e.g. distance, online, open, flexible, blended just to name a few) as well as different names are used for online education (e.g. internet-based online courses) (Doyumğaç et al., 2021).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Online Education: Type of education where students use their home computers through the internet.

Synchronous Learning Activities: It is a training activity in which all learners are participating simultaneously. It can happen either online or offline; in both cases, it is highly time related. As a lecturer or as a facilitator, teaching sessions must be carefully planned and announced.

E-Learning (Electronic Learning): This is a type of distance learning. It can be defined as including multiple formats and methods of instruction such as CD-ROM, Intranet, Internet and audio and video formats.

Distance Learning: Sometimes is referred as distance education. It begins with teaching through print media, before the Internet and can be provided simply through a mail correspondence.

Remote Learning: It is also referred to as distance learning and gives students who aren’t in a physical location for in-person education, access to online training materials.

Asynchronous Learning Activities: Self-paced learning activities that learners can use in order to get information based on their convenience. This is advantageous if one uses these activities to train their team members since they are relatively low-cost and wide-reaching.

Moodle Platform: Worldwide open-source platform used by several higher education institutions, numerous schools, colleges, government organizations. This is an eLearning platform with multiple possibilities.

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