Strategic Implementation of Green Public Procurement in the City of Buenos Aires

Strategic Implementation of Green Public Procurement in the City of Buenos Aires

Leslie Elizabeth Harper (Inter-American Development Bank, USA) and Daniel Sanchez (Inter-American Development Bank, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7083-7.ch006
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As public procurement systems around the world continue their modernization process, many countries are including a new objective in their reform efforts: the implementation of public policies in the procurement process. This has been a growing trend in Latin America, where countries have shown leadership in incorporating public policies into their modernization plans, being a perfect example is the introduction of green public procurement standards. There is particular interest in incorporating sustainability in public procurement at the sub-national level where governments are directly responsible for the provision of citizen services. In the case of Argentina, the Government of the City of Buenos Aires is at the forefront of public procurement modernization, leading the country in green public procurement strategies. This chapter explores the principles and global trends that have influenced the City of Buenos Aires in implementing green public procurement and provides insight on the economic rationale and potential benefits for one of the largest metropolitan regions in LAC.
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Definitions Of Gpp

Some definitions that have served as reference to the City of Buenos Aires are:

  • European Union: “Green Procurement is a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured.” (EU Commission, 2008)

  • United Nations: “Sustainable procurement is about combining social and environmental factors with financial considerations when making purchasing decisions. It involves looking beyond the traditional economic parameters and making decisions based on life-cycle costs, associated environmental and social risks and benefits as well as broader environmental implications.” (UNEP, 2008)

  • United States Government: “Sustainability is best thought of as a change process, rather than an end state. Sustainability means to create and maintain conditions, under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony that permits fulfilling the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations.” (GSA, 2007)

  • Canadian Government: “A lesser or reduced impact on the environment over the life cycle of the good or service, when compared with competing goods or services serving the same purpose.” (PSPC, 2006)

Figure 1.

GPP policy objectives

Source: Author’s own analysis with UNEP and EU Commission data.

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