Strategy of Accounting Automation: The Case of the Egyptian International Motors Company (EIM)

Strategy of Accounting Automation: The Case of the Egyptian International Motors Company (EIM)

Khaled Dahawy (The American University in Cairo, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-388-3.ch015
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Abstract

Decisions relating to choice and implementation of computerized accounting systems differ dramatically between developed and developing nations in respect to the cultural, political, economic, and environmental factors. This study aims to assess the implementation of accounting information system in a company in a developing nation; Egypt. The case indicates the importance of the integration of accounting and technology. However, in a developing nation like Egypt, characterized with over population and high unemployment, automation becomes a very sensitive issue. Therefore, there is a need for strong management support and commitment to insure successful implementation. Developing countries, especially Egypt, should direct its companies to increase its dependence on Information Communication Technology (ICT). As the case shows there are many benefits that ICT can offer to the individual companies. If each individual company can become more efficient and effective the whole economy will be better and will be able to utilize scare resources more efficiently and effectively.
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Introduction

In today’s world information is power (Porter and Millar 1998). Management Information System (MIS) is a man made system that usually consists of integrated sets of components established to collect, store, and manage data and to provide output information to users. MIS facilitates the operational functions of a business and supports the management decision making processes by providing information to managers. Mangers use information to plan and control the activities of their companies (Laudon and Laudon 2003). Accounting information system (AIS) is an integral specialized subsystem of MIS. The main purpose of AIS is to collect, process, and report information related to the financial aspects of business activities (Gelinas et al. 2005). AIS is compromised of: (1) People operating and performing the various function of the system; (2) Procedures in terms of both manual and automated; (3) Data about the organization’s business processes; (4) Software used to process the organization’s data and (5) the information technology infrastructure which includes computers, peripheral devices and network communication devices. The main goals of AIS are the collation and processing data about the organization’s business activities efficiently and effectively; converting data into accurate, timely and useful information for management to make decisions and establish adequate controls to ensure that data about business activities are recorded and processed accurately and safeguard both data and other organizational assets. The presence of a well designed AIS in a company should lead to improving efficiency of operations by providing more timely information, improve organization profit by improving the efficiency and effectiveness of its supply chain, improve decision making by providing accurate information in a timely manner, and facilitate or make easier sharing of knowledge and expertise. AIS can stand for a manual or an automated system.

The use of computerized accounting information systems has become an integral part of accounting systems world wide. The marriage of accounting and technology is critical to the development of accounting (Adams 2008, Robson 2006, Doost 1999, Hoing 1999). The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants conclude that “… professional accounting has merged and developed with IT to such an extent that one can hardly conceive accounting independent of IT” (AICPA 1996). However, most of the research and cases that examine issues related to accounting in general and choice and implementation of computerized accounting information systems, in particular, have focused on developed nations (Dahawy and Conover 2007, Rudaki 1998). However, decisions relating to the choice and implementation of computerized accounting systems are very sensitive to cultural and environmental factors. Therefore, such decisions should be studied within the context of their own environments (Ismail and King, 2006). Environmental factors differ dramatically between developed and developing nations. In addition, within the context of developing nations, the cultural, political, and economic realities of each country are often very different (Dahawy et al. 2002). It is better not to develop a standard prescription and make recommendations without first analyzing the specificities of each nation (Dahawy et al. 2002). Therefore, it is vital to improve our understanding of the process of choice and implementation of computerized accounting information systems in specific developing nations, such as Egypt.

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