Survey Methodology for Biodiversity Assessment: An Overview

Survey Methodology for Biodiversity Assessment: An Overview

Ashok Kumar Rathoure (Biohm Consultare Pvt Ltd, India)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1226-5.ch013
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Rapid urbanization, population explosion, and developing technology have degraded natural habitat of flora and fauna. They can't get proper natural habitat and environment. Because of these reasons, they can't survive. They are in danger. We have to save them. If we can't save them, our whole ecological cycle will be disturbed, and it will create problems for us. So, we have to find reasons for extinction of flora and fauna. For that, it is necessary to do biological survey/assessment. From biological survey/assessment we can find/assess what type of impact are harmful for flora-fauna, how it will affect flora-fauna, what is the reason behind extinction of flora-fauna. From biodiversity survey we can provide and create natural habitat for flora-fauna. So, impact assessment is very important consideration. Every industry/plant or any type of activity should do biodiversity survey. This chapter explores a survey methodology for biodiversity assessment.
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The Earth's biological resources are vigorous to humanity's economic and social development. As a result, there is an increasing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of marvellous value to present and future generations. At the equivalent time, the threat to species and ecosystems has never been so great as it is today. Species extinction caused by human activities continues at associate awful rate. In response, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) convened the Ad Hoc working group of experts on biological diversity in November, 1988 to reconnoitre the need for an international convention on biological diversity. Soon after, in May 1989, it established the Ad Hoc working group of technical and legal experts to prepare an international legal tool for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Through February 1991, the Ad Hoc Working group had become known as the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee. Its work culminated on 22 May 1992 with the Nairobi Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations conference on environment and development. The Convention entered into force on 29 December 1993, which was 90 days after the 30th confirmation. The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the world community's increasing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step within the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources (CBD, 2016). After CBD came into force, it is mandatory for all its signatory countries to implement the provisions in the Convention (UNEP, 1992).

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