Sustainable Development and the Sustainability of Socioeconomic Systems

Sustainable Development and the Sustainability of Socioeconomic Systems

Tikhomirova Olga (Saint Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, Russia)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 34
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5996-2.ch002

Abstract

The management of socioeconomic systems should be based on the universal laws of evolution and development. We need to discuss and create a framework for better understanding the theory of development, sustainability, and the sustainable development. To solve this problem, it is necessary to study several theoretical approaches from which we alter the terminology and some relevant methodological aspects. The contribution and implications of this research are to expand the existing theories of development in order to create the scientific basis for future studies. The study demonstrates the laws and tendencies of development and attempts to define the stage of development, shedding light on a new way to manage systems more effectively, helping to foresee future scenarios, and to prevent the negative circumstances the result from crises. Moreover, the proposed approach may facilitate focusing on the future and on innovation, instead of on vain attempts to preserve an imaginary stability.
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Introduction

This chapter shows how the management of firms can be based on the universal laws of evolution and development. It aims to discuss and create a framework for better understanding the theory of development, sustainability, and the sustainable development of socioeconomic system, with a particular reference to business systems.

To this end, in this chapter we will:

  • 1.

    Study the main theories of development.

  • 2.

    Discuss the essence of evolution and the development of the socioeconomic system.

    • 3.Describe the main structural transformations over the last 100 years, considering the evolutionary change of socioeconomic systems on the global scale (highly complex nonlinear systems), structural transformations, and their implications in the global context.

      • 4.

        Construct a holistic model of evolutionary dynamics of socioeconomic systems, allowing a better understanding of the systems as a whole, in interaction and interdependence with their elements over time. This model will be based on the coherent interaction and coevolution of the system’s elements and subsystems.

      • 5.

        Show how holism (systems thinking) in management and in corporate government can be an effective approach to sustainable development.

This chapter refers to several theoretical approaches from which we alter the terminology and some relevant methodological aspects: General Theory of System (Bertalanffy, 1968); Synergetics (Buckminster Fuller, 1975), Schumpeter’s entrepreneurship theory (1949); the theory of social dynamics (Sorokin, 1937); the theory of social action (Parsons, 1949); Durkheim’s theories of sociology and labor (1983 and 1900); Spengler’s theory; the theories of economic cycles by Kuznets, Mensch and Elliott (1971–1973); theories of development of nonlinear system by Haken (2000) and Prigogine (1989–1994); and chaos theory as popularized by Gleick (1987). Theory of economic and financial crises of Kindleberger and Aliber (2005). Furthermore, this chapter is based on a postulate concerning the transition of socioeconomic systems from unorganized to self-organizing systems. We can find a similar direction and approach to management in the works of Beck & Cowan(2006) and of Warnecke (1993).

The chapter provides an analytical overview of the financial and economic crises from 1900 to present time. The data was analyzed using the system-synergetic approach.

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