Sustainable Development Goal 3 and Maternal Health in Nigeria: Any Hope of Meeting the Target by 2030?

Sustainable Development Goal 3 and Maternal Health in Nigeria: Any Hope of Meeting the Target by 2030?

Idongesit Eshiet (University of Lagos, Nigeria)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2351-3.ch011

Abstract

This chapter addresses the feasibility of Nigeria achieving Target 3.1 of Sustainable Development Goal 3, which aims at reducing maternal deaths to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. Maternal deaths occur due to lack of access to maternal healthcare, which encompasses the healthcare dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal, and postnatal care for women. Nigeria is presently the second largest contributor to maternal deaths globally, having a maternal mortality ratio of 814 per 100,000 live births. Will Nigeria achieve this goal by 2030? This chapter assesses the maternal health landscape of Nigeria and the measures taken by the government to address maternal health from the perspective of the feasibility of achieving SDG 3, Target 3.1 by 2030.
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Background

Maternal health refers to the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. It encompasses the health care dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care, which aims at reducing maternal morbidity and mortality (World Health Organization (WHO), 2012a).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria: The institutional framework that regulates healthcare in Nigeria.

Antenatal: Healthcare given to a pregnant woman before childbirth.

World Health Organization: The international body that provides regulatory guide for healthcare practices globally.

Postnatal: Healthcare given to a woman immediately after childbirth and within 40 days of delivery.

Mortality: The ratio of deaths per certain number of population.

Death: The end of the existence of an individual in the world.

Family Planning: The act of preventing unwanted pregnancies.

Postpartum: The period immediately after childbirth and health issues that occur during this period.

Childbirth: The act of bringing to the world a new life (person).

Child: A person who is under five years.

Pregnancy: The act of conception of a new life in the womb by a woman.

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