Sustainable Development Goal 3 Strategies to Take a Leap

Sustainable Development Goal 3 Strategies to Take a Leap

Dimpal Vij (MMH College, Ghaziabad, India) and Harjit Singh (Amity University, Noida, India)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9940-1.ch013

Abstract

Third of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by United Nations to be achieved by 2030 is health and well-being for all which is the first requisite for the progress of a nation. The countdown to the date sets for the achievement of SDGs has already begun and during these years our government has tried a lot to achieve these targets. This chapter analyses India's preparation for achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3. It begins with India's current status on key health indicators as set by SDG 3 and what progress India has already made at nation and state levels. The chapter includes government initiatives taken to achieve goals before the target dates. Finally, it analyses the weaknesses of India's healthcare system and suggests strategies that can help India achieve goals much before the target dates.
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Introduction

With a population of 1.3 billion and growing almost 18 million per year, India will be the most populous nation by 2030 with as many as 1.4 billion or more inhabitants. To provide healthcare to such a vast population is a gigantic task that a nation must achieve because healthy and happy people are the first requisite for the progress of a nation. No nation can develop with sick, ill, or disabled people. Thus, maintaining good health (physical and mental) is important for individuals to lead a better life and it is critical for a nation’s development.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 goals with 169 targets to be achieved by 2030 to help, organise and streamline actions of both developed and developing countries for greater achievement of human well-being. They are a part of “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” which was adopted by 193 Member states of United Nations at the historic United Nations General Assembly Summit in September 2015, and came into effect on January 1, 2016. India played a prominent role in the formulation of SDGs and much of country development agenda is focused on it. The spectrum of the 17 SDGs (UN, SDG) range from poverty eradication to human health, sanitation to urban settlements and protecting the global ecosystems on which human being depends for his survival. (see Table 1)

Table 1.
Sustainable development goals 2030
No.Goal
1No poverty: End poverty in all its forms, everywhere
2Zero Hunger: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3Good health and Well-being for All: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4Quality Education: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
5Gender Equality: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6Clean Water and Sanitation: Ensure available and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7Affordable and Clean Energy: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8Decent Work and Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10Reduced Inequalities: Reduce inequality within and among countries
11Sustainable cities and Communities: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12Responsible Consumption and Production: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13Climate Action: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14Life below Water: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15Life on Land: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
16Peace, justice and Strong Institutions: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
17Partnership for the Goals: A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society. These inclusive partnerships built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the center, are needed at the global, regional, national and local level

Source: United Nations. Sustainable Development Goals: 17 Goals to Transform our World

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