Sustainable Parking Planning for Smart Growth of Metropolitan Cities

Sustainable Parking Planning for Smart Growth of Metropolitan Cities

Ozge Yalciner Ercoskun (Gazi University, Turkey) and Ebru Vesile Ocalir Akunal (Gazi University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5646-6.ch014
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This chapter identifies main problems of parking planning in demand-oriented conventional paradigm. Parking planning principles and cost-effective programs in supply-oriented sustainable paradigm are presented in the chapter listing many economic, social and environmental benefits. The chapter describes various parking strategies for developing a sustainable parking plan for smart growth of metropolitan cities, including cases of Istanbul and Vienna. A critical perspective is drawn for the parking planning policies for these city cases. Parking is recognized as an important factor influencing accessibility. Parking planning, parking policies and pricing play a critical role in local government decision making.
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Parking Problems And Legislation

Parking spaces attract cars; so they generate car traffic. Parking needs space, which is not available for other street uses. Nothing else has changed the traditional streetscape as dramatically as parked cars have done during the last few decades. (H.Topp, Uni. of Kaiserslautern, Germany)

The parking problems can be categorized into four main headings such as lack of strategic approach, parking legislation, off-street parking supply and on-street parking. The sub-problems under these headings are given in Table 1. These problems are caused according to direct and indirect impacts.

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