Sustainable Urban Development: An Integrated Framework for Urban Planning and Development

Sustainable Urban Development: An Integrated Framework for Urban Planning and Development

Suharto Teriman (Queensland University of Technology, Australia), Tan Yigitcanlar (Queensland University of Technology, Australia) and Severine Mayere (Queensland University of Technology, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-022-7.ch001

Abstract

Sustainable development has long been promoted as the best answer to the world’s environmental problems. This term has generated mass appeal as it implies that both the development of the built environment and its associated resource consumption can be achieved without jeopardising the natural environment. In the urban context, sustainability issues have been reflected in the promotion of sustainable urban development, which emphasises the sensible exploitation of scarce natural resources for urbanisation in a manner that allows future generations to repeat the process. This chapter highlights attempts to promote sustainable urban development through an integration of three important considerations: planning, development and the ecosystem. It highlights the fact that spatial planning processes were traditionally driven by economic and social objectives, and rarely involved promoting the sustainability agenda to achieve a sustainable urban future. As a result, rapid urbanisation has created a variety of pressures on the ecosystem upon which we rely. It is believed that the integration of the urban planning and development processes within the limitations of the ecosystem, monitored by a sustainability assessment mechanism, would offer a better approach to maintaining sustainable resource use without compromising urban development.
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Sustainable Urban Planning And Development

Sustainable development is ‘a process of change in which exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological developments and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations’ (WCED, 1987, p. 47). This term has generated mass appeal as it implies that the development of both the built environment and its associated resource consumption can be achieved without jeopardising the natural environment (Berke et al., 2006). With sustainability concerns currently in advanced stages, especially in developed countries, sustainable development has become a major influence in the physical planning of the built environment and should be examined more closely. In this context of physical planning, the concept of sustainable development is strongly absorbed in the urban framework, which is comprised of centres of active economic, social and cultural development. Thus, cities are at the core of this urban framework, and are characterised by strongly transformed natural environments and highly developed complexes of infrastructure (Kavaliaukas, 2008).

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