Systemic Evaluation of Knowledge Management: Perspective of Graduate Students in Education in Mexico

Systemic Evaluation of Knowledge Management: Perspective of Graduate Students in Education in Mexico

Jésica Alhelí Cortés Ruíz (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico), Ricardo Morán Martínez (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico) and Eduardo Antonio Vanegas López (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0457-3.ch002
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Abstract

This chapter focuses on the study that will offer a systemic evaluation of the characteristics of knowledge management, from the approach of the postgraduate students in Mexico. It will consider the generation cycle – storage – distribution – utilization and generalization of knowledge, as stated by (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995). The purpose will be to design academic management strategies for the strengthening of human capital, which comprises the post-graduate students in Mexico, who are enrolled in this type of educational programmes. The proposed chapter is structured as follows: The first section centers in the description of the characteristics of knowledge management, the second one will target at the characteristics of postgraduate education in Mexico, the third section includes the study methodology, and the fourth one will be the research proposal for drawing the research conclusions.
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Knowledge And Taxonomy

Knowledge is defined as information possessed by a subject in his mind, which can be personalized and subjective, related to facts, procedures, concepts, interpretations, ideas, observations, judgments and elements that can be useful or not, precise or structural. The information turns into knowledge when processed in the mind and, then, back into information once it is articulated or communicated to other people through texts, electronic templates, oral and written communications, among others. In addition, the receiver can process and interiorize the information, and turn it back into knowledge (Alavi & Leidner, 2001).

In the same regard, (Alavi & Leidner, 2001) describe the taxonomy of knowledge barely, referring to twelve types of knowledge, as may be observed in Table 1.

Table 1.
Knowledge taxonomy
Types of KnowledgeDefinitions
TacitKnowledge rooted in actions, experiences and particular contexts
Cognitive tacitMental models
Technical tacitKnow how applied to specific work
ExplicitArticulated and generalized knowledge
IndividualKnowledge created and inherent to subject
SocialKnowledge created and inherent to collectivity and to team actions
DeclarativeTo know about
ProceduralTo know how to do
CausalTo know why
ConditionalTo know when
RelationalTo know how relations work
PragmaticUseful knowledge for an organization

Source: Self-prepared, based on (Alavi & Leidner, 2001).

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