Taxonomy of Cyber Attack Weapons, Defense Strategies, and Cyber War Incidents

Taxonomy of Cyber Attack Weapons, Defense Strategies, and Cyber War Incidents

Arif Sari (Girne American University Canterbury, UK) and Ugur Can Atasoy (Girne American University, Cyprus)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8976-1.ch001

Abstract

Cyber security is the newest internal concern of this century where different technologies developed through telecommunication, computers, and internet are used in the international arena as cyber-weapons. This chapter provides in-depth information about up-to-date cyber-attack methods and mechanisms used in the cyber war, and it focuses on the cyber war incidents starting from 1982 with Siberia Natural Gas Explosion until 2015 Russia-Turkey cyber-attack conflict and between variety of developed and developing countries in detail. In addition to this, cyber-weapons developed by Russia, USA, and Israel targeting critical infrastructure are elaborated. The chapter concludes with the use of cyber-attack methods and tools with their taxonomy and elaborates the fundamentals of cyber defense strategies to these proposed attacks with existing solutions from the literature.
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Cyber Security Fundamentals

There are varieties of definitions for the cyber security concept. United Nation’s (UN) authorized information technologies media organ, International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) cyber security description is; usage of tools, policies, security concepts and recommendations, risk management approaches, actions, education and trainings, applications and the whole technological concepts in order to protect user’s and organizations’ assets in cyberspace. The cyberspace involves persons and organizations assets, hardware, structures, applications, services, communication services and information (Çeliktaş, 2016; ITU, 2008).

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